Associate Professor
Psychology

Ivan K Ash Ph.D. (Cognitive Psychology)

130 C Mills Godwin Bldg
Norfolk, 23529

Ph.D. in Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, (2005)

M.A. in Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, (2003)

B.S. in Psychology, Central Michigan University, (1999)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

He, W., Ash, I. K., Li, L. X., Xu, L. D. and Anwar, M. "SBE: Small: Collaborative: Improving Security Behavior of Employees in Cyberspace through Evidence-based Malware Reports and E-Learning Materials. " $245460. Federal. September 15, 2013 - August 31, 2016
St. John, B., Ash, I. K. and Yusuf, W. "Virginia Legislators’ Knowledge, Awareness and Perceived Risks Concerning Sea Level Rise" $38693. Old Dominion University. May 2012 - August 2012
Ash, I. K. and Haines, R. "Cognitive Impediments to Learning in a Dynamically Complex Environment" $17000. Old Dominion University. May 2007 - August 2007
Ash, I. K. "Effects of Pre & Post-outcome Information on the Hindsight Bias Effect" $15000. Other. 2004 - 2005

Expertise

Psychology
Cognitive Science

Research Interests

The role of automatic and controlled cognitive processes in judgment and decision making, problem solving, creativity/insight, and learning.

Articles

Li, L. X., He, W., Xu, L. D., Ash, I. K., Anwar, M. and Yuan, X. (2019). Investigating the impact of cybersecurity policy awareness on employees’ cybersecurity behavior. International Journal of Information Management 45 , pp. 13-24.
Tidikis, V. and Ash, I. K. (2018). Greater Stroop effect predicts better performance on creative insight problems, but not on divergent thinking tasks. International Journal of Creativity and Problem Solving 28 (2) , pp. 29-37.
Michalek, A., Ash, I. K. and Schwartz, K. (2018). The independence of working memory capacity and audiovisual cues when listening in noise. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology..
Smith-Rodden, M. and Ash, I. K. (2017). The effect of emotionally arousing negative images on judgments about news stories. Visual Communication Quarterly 24 (1) , pp. 15-31.
Tidikis, V., Ash, I. K. and Collier, A. F.. (2017). Interaction of Emotional Valence and Arousal on Attentional Breadth and Creative Task Performance. Creativity Research Journal 29 (3) , pp. 313-330.
Anwar, M., He, W., Ash, I. K., Yuan, X., Li, L. X. and Xu, L. D. (2017). Gender difference and employees’ cybersecurity behaviors. Computers in Human Behavior 69 , pp. 437-443.
Yusuf, J., Harris, K., Saint John Iii, B., Ash, I. K. and Mahar, K. (2016). The sea is rising… but not onto the policy agenda: A multiple streams approach to understanding sea level rise policies. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 36 (2) , pp. 228-243.
Yusuf, J., Saint John Iii, B. and Ash, I. K. (2014). The role of politics and proximity in sea level rise policy salience: a study of Virginia legislators’ perceptions. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 4 (3) , pp. 208-217.
Michalek, A., Watson, S. R., Ash, I. K., Ringleb, S. I. and Raymer, A. (2014). Effects of noise and audiovisual cues on speech processing in adults with and without ADHD. International Journal of Audiology 53 (3) , pp. 145-152.
Tidikis, V. and Ash, I. K. (2013). Working in pairs vs. working alone: Effect of gender composition on creative problem solving process and performance. Creativity Research Journal 25 (2) , pp. 189-198.
Ash, I. K., Jee, B. D.. and Wiley, J. (2012). Investigating insight as sudden learning. Journal of Problem Solving 2 (2) , pp. 27.
Smith-Rodden, M. and Ash, I. K. (2012). The psychological effects of news imagery: A case for evidence-based decision making and practices. Visual Communication Quarterly 19 (1) , pp. 20-32.
Baldwin, C. L.. and Ash, I. K. (2011). Impact of auditory acuity on listening span in young and old adults. Psychology and Aging 26 (1) , pp. 85-91.
Nokes, T. J.. and Ash, I. K. (2010). Investigating the role of instructional focus in incidental pattern learning. Journal of General Psychology 137 (1) , pp. 84-113.
Ash, I. K., Cushen, P. J.. and Wiley, J. (2009). Obstacles in investigating the role of restructuring in insightful problem solving. Journal of Problem Solving 2 (2).
Wiley, J., Goldman, S., Graesser, A., Sanchez, C., Ash, I. K. and Hemmerich, J. (2009). Source evaluation, comprehension, and learning in Internet science inquiry tasks. American Education Research Journal 46 , pp. 1060-1106.
Ash, I. K. (2009). Surprise, memory, and retrospective judgment making: Testing cognitive reconstruction theories of the hindsight bias effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 35 (4) , pp. 916-933.
Ash, I. K. and Wiley, J. (2008). Hindsight bias in insight and mathematical problem-solving: Evidence of different reconstruction mechanisms for metacognitive vs. situational judgments. Memory & Cognition 36 (4) , pp. 822-837.
Ash, I. K. and Wiley, J. (2006). The nature of restructuring in insight: An individual differences approach. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 13 (1) , pp. 66-73.

Book Chapters

Wiley, J., Ash, I. K., Sanchez, C. A.. and Jaeger, A. (2011). Clarifying readers’ goals for learning from expository science texts Text Relevance and Learning from Text (pp. 353-374) Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
Wiley, J. and Ash, I. K. (2005). Multimedia Learning of History Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning New York: Cambridge University Press.

Conference Proceeding

He, W., Ash, I. K., Li, L., Xu, L., Anwar, M. and Yuan, X. (2015). A Security Behavior Model of Employees in Cyberspace Puerto Rico: Proceedings of the 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015).
Li, L. X., He, W., Ash, I. K., Xu, L. D., Anwar, M. and Yaun, X. (2014). Does Explicit Information Security Policy Affect Employees’ Cyber Security Behavior? A Pilot Study (pp. 169-173) Shanghai, China: Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Enterprise Systems 2014.
Ash, I. K. and Miles, S. A.. (2009). The role of working memory capacity in attentional filtering Abstracts of the 50h Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Ash, I. K. and Comer, C. S. (2008). The interaction of working memory and reasoning style in predicting syllogistic reasoning performance Abstracts of the 49th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Ash, I. K. and Comer, C. S.. (2007). The role of expectation and memory in the hindsight bias effect: A test of cognitive reconstruction models Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ash, I. K. (2006). Can exposure to post-outcome information “debias” the hindsight bias? Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ash, I. K. and Wiley, J. (2004). Ah-Ha! I knew it all along. Hindsight bias evidence of restructuring in problem solving Program of the 76th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.
Sanchez, C. A.., Ash, I. K. and Wiley, J. (2004). Making inferences from WebPages Abstracts of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Nokes, T. J.. and Ash, I. K. (2003). Does attention matter for implicit learning? Program of the 75th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.
Ash, I. K. and Nokes, T. J.. (2003). Instructional focus does not affect implicit pattern learning Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ash, I. K. and Wiley, J. (2002). AH-HA! I knew it all along: Differences in hindsight bias between insight and algebra problems Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gurocak, H., Ash, I. K. and Wiley, J. (2002). Assessment of effectiveness of an electronic book to deliver robotics lab experience over the Internet Proceedings of DETC’02: ASME 2002 Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference.
Kershaw, T. C.., Ash, I. K., Jolly, C. and Wiley, J. (2002). The role of working memory in insight problem solving Abstracts of the 43nd annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Nokes, T. J.. and Ash, I. K. (2002). An examination of the role of attentional focus in implicit learning Program of the 74h Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.
Ash, I. K. and Wiley, J. (2001). Hindsight bias in problem solving Abstracts of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Wiley, J., Ash, I. K., Brodhead, A. and Sanchez, C. (2001). The impact of images on learning from WebPages on science and history Program of the 73th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.

Presentations

Lee, K. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2016). Investigating the Relationship Between Self-Report Aha! Ratings as Indicators of Insightful Solution Processes. Poster 28th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Chicago, IL.
He, W., Ash, I. K., Li, L. X., Xu, L. D., Anwar, M. and Yaun, X. (January 5, 2015). A Model Explaining Security Behavior of Employees in Cyberspace. Poster National Science Foundation Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace (SaTC) Principal Investigators' Meeting Arlington, VA.
May, R., Smith-Rodden, M. and Ash, I. K. (July , 2014). Hindsight bias and the role of surprise in judgment Paper Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society Quebec City, Canada.
Tidikis, V. and Ash, I. K. (November , 2013). Effects of valence and arousal on Stroop Task performance Poster Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Toronto Canada.
Tidikis, V. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2013). Creativity: Happy Misery and Despondent Delight. Poster 25rd Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Washington DC.
Michalek, A., Watson, S. R., Ash, I. K., Ringleb, S. I. and Raymer, A. (November , 2012). Impact of Noise on Speech Processing in Adults with ADHD. Poster American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Annual Conference Atlanta, GA.
Tidikis, V. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2012). Highly Arousing Negative Emotional States Cause Broadening of Attention Poster 24th Annual Convention Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K., May, R. W.. and Lee, K. D.. (May , 2012). Hindsight bias on confidence and outcome likelihood judgments due to different mechanisms Poster 24th Annual Convention Chicago, IL.
May, R. W.., Ash, I. K. and Lee, K. D.. (April , 2012). Not all hindsight biases are the same: Effects of expectation and surprise on memory for prior judgments Paper Spring 2012 Virginia Psychological Association Conference Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. and May, R. (May , 2011). Individual differences in working memory moderate stereotype-threat effects in creative problem solving 23rd Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Washington, DC.
Tidikis, V., May, R. and Ash, I. K. (January , 2011). Differential Effects of Gender Group Composition on Creative Problem Solving Poster 12th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology San Antonio, TX.
Tidikyte-Day, V. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2010). Effects of group gender composition on cognitive insight problem solving performance Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Boston, MA.
Edwards, A. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2010). Human preference for delay: Health and non-health decision domains Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Boston, MA.
May, R. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2010). Influence of gender, defensive processing, and stereotype threat on creative problem solving Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Boston, MA.
Croft, B., Janda, L. H. and Ash, I. K. (April , 2010). Development of an IAT measure of sex guilt Annual meetin of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Tidikyte-Day, V. and Ash, I. K. (April , 2010). Is one head better than two? Effects of working in groups on cognitive insight problem-solving performance Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Smith-Rodden, M. and Ash, I. K. (April , 2010). Memory distortions linked with hindsight bias during judgments of trust Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
May, R. and Ash, I. K. (April , 2010). Stereotype threat in creative problem solving Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Edwards, A. and Ash, I. K. (April , 2010). We all delay: An examination of delay preference across certainty and decision domain Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Comer, C. S.. and Ash, I. K. ( 2009). Effects of pre-outcome information and outcome congruency on hindsight bias and memory Annual Meeting Richmond, VA.
Smith-Rodden, M. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2009). Knew it all along: Trust judgments and the hindsight bias effect 21st Annual Convention San Francisco, CA.
Smith-Rodden, M. and Ash, I. K. (May , 2009). An examination of the hindsight bias effect during judgments of trust Annual Spring Meeting Richmond, VA.
Ash, I. K. and Smith-Rodden, M. (April , 2009). An examination of the hindsight bias effect following judgments of trust Annual Spring Meeting Williamsburg, VA.
Peoples, S. A.. and Ash, I. K. (April , 2009). Can post-outcome information from expert opinions "debias" the Hindsight Bias? Raleigh, NC.
  • 2014: Shining Star Recognition, Division of Student Engagement and Enrollment Services, Old Dominion University
  • 2008: Shining Star Award, Old Dominion University Division of Student Affiars
  • 2003: Psi Chi/Erlbaum Award in Cognitive Science, Psi Chi