Associate Professor
Psychology

Ivan K Ash Ph.D. (Cognitive Psychology)

130 C Mills Godwin Bldg
Norfolk, 23529

Ph.D. in Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, (2005)

M.A. in Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, (2003)

B.S. in Psychology, Central Michigan University, (1999)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

He, W. "SBE: Small: Collaborative: Improving Security Behavior of Employees in Cyberspace through Evidence-based Malware Reports and E-Learning Materials. " $245460. Federal. September, 2013 - August, 2016
St. John, B. "Virginia Legislators’ Knowledge, Awareness and Perceived Risks Concerning Sea Level Rise" $38693. Old Dominion University. May, 2012 - August, 2012
Ash, I. K. "Cognitive Impediments to Learning in a Dynamically Complex Environment" $17000. Old Dominion University. May, 2007 - August, 2007
Ash, I. K. "Effects of Pre & Post-outcome Information on the Hindsight Bias Effect" $15000. Other. , 2004 - , 2005
Ash, I. K. "Cardiac Measures of Vehicular Control" $500. Other. September, 1999 - December, 1999
Ash, I. K. "Cardiac Measures of Vehicular Control" $3000. Other. May, 1999 - August, 1999

Expertise

Psychology
Cognitive Science

Research Interests

The role of automatic and controlled cognitive processes in judgment and decision making, problem solving, creativity/insight, and learning.

Articles

Li, L. X. (2019). Investigating the impact of cybersecurity policy awareness on employees’ cybersecurity behavior. International Journal of Information Management 45 , pp. 13-24.
Tidikis, V. (2018). Greater Stroop effect predicts better performance on creative insight problems, but not on divergent thinking tasks. International Journal of Creativity and Problem Solving 28 (2) , pp. 29-37.
Michalek, A. (2018). The independence of working memory capacity and audiovisual cues when listening in noise. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology..
Smith-Rodden, M. (2017). The effect of emotionally arousing negative images on judgments about news stories. Visual Communication Quarterly 24 (1) , pp. 15-31.
Tidikis, V. (2017). Interaction of Emotional Valence and Arousal on Attentional Breadth and Creative Task Performance. Creativity Research Journal 29 (3) , pp. 313-330.
Anwar, M. (2017). Gender difference and employees’ cybersecurity behaviors. Computers in Human Behavior 69 , pp. 437-443.
Yusuf, J. (2016). The sea is rising… but not onto the policy agenda: A multiple streams approach to understanding sea level rise policies. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 36 (2) , pp. 228-243.
Yusuf, J. (2014). The role of politics and proximity in sea level rise policy salience: a study of Virginia legislators’ perceptions. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 4 (3) , pp. 208-217.
Michalek, A. (2014). Effects of noise and audiovisual cues on speech processing in adults with and without ADHD. International Journal of Audiology 53 (3) , pp. 145-152.
Tidikis, V. (2013). Working in pairs vs. working alone: Effect of gender composition on creative problem solving process and performance. Creativity Research Journal 25 (2) , pp. 189-198.
Ash, I. K. (2012). Investigating insight as sudden learning. Journal of Problem Solving 2 (2) , pp. 27.
Smith-Rodden, M. (2012). The psychological effects of news imagery: A case for evidence-based decision making and practices. Visual Communication Quarterly 19 (1) , pp. 20-32.
Baldwin, C. L.. (2011). Impact of auditory acuity on listening span in young and old adults. Psychology and Aging 26 (1) , pp. 85-91.
Nokes, T. J.. (2010). Investigating the role of instructional focus in incidental pattern learning. Journal of General Psychology 137 (1) , pp. 84-113.
Ash, I. K. (2009). Obstacles in investigating the role of restructuring in insightful problem solving. Journal of Problem Solving 2 (2).
Wiley, J. (2009). Source evaluation, comprehension, and learning in Internet science inquiry tasks. American Education Research Journal 46 , pp. 1060-1106.
Ash, I. K. (2009). Surprise, memory, and retrospective judgment making: Testing cognitive reconstruction theories of the hindsight bias effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 35 (4) , pp. 916-933.
Ash, I. K. (2008). Hindsight bias in insight and mathematical problem-solving: Evidence of different reconstruction mechanisms for metacognitive vs. situational judgments. Memory & Cognition 36 (4) , pp. 822-837.
Ash, I. K. (2006). The nature of restructuring in insight: An individual differences approach. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 13 (1) , pp. 66-73.

Book Chapters

Wiley, J. (2011). Clarifying readers’ goals for learning from expository science texts Text Relevance and Learning from Text (pp. 353-374) Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
Wiley, J. (2005). Multimedia Learning of History Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning New York: Cambridge University Press.

Conference Proceeding

He, W. (2015). A Security Behavior Model of Employees in Cyberspace Puerto Rico: Proceedings of the 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015).
Li, L. X. (2014). Does Explicit Information Security Policy Affect Employees’ Cyber Security Behavior? A Pilot Study (pp. 169-173) Shanghai, China: Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Enterprise Systems 2014.
Ash, I. K. (2009). The role of working memory capacity in attentional filtering Abstracts of the 50h Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Ash, I. K. (2008). The interaction of working memory and reasoning style in predicting syllogistic reasoning performance Abstracts of the 49th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Ash, I. K. (2007). The role of expectation and memory in the hindsight bias effect: A test of cognitive reconstruction models Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ash, I. K. (2006). Can exposure to post-outcome information “debias” the hindsight bias? Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ash, I. K. (2004). Ah-Ha! I knew it all along. Hindsight bias evidence of restructuring in problem solving Program of the 76th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.
Sanchez, C. A.. (2004). Making inferences from WebPages Abstracts of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Nokes, T. J.. (2003). Does attention matter for implicit learning? Program of the 75th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.
Ash, I. K. (2003). Instructional focus does not affect implicit pattern learning Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ash, I. K. (2002). AH-HA! I knew it all along: Differences in hindsight bias between insight and algebra problems Mahwah, NJ: Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gurocak, H. (2002). Assessment of effectiveness of an electronic book to deliver robotics lab experience over the Internet Proceedings of DETC’02: ASME 2002 Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference.
Kershaw, T. C.. (2002). The role of working memory in insight problem solving Abstracts of the 43nd annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Nokes, T. J.. (2002). An examination of the role of attentional focus in implicit learning Program of the 74h Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.
Ash, I. K. (2001). Hindsight bias in problem solving Abstracts of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society.
Wiley, J. (2001). The impact of images on learning from WebPages on science and history Program of the 73th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.

Presentations

Lee, K. (May , 2016). Investigating the Relationship Between Self-Report Aha! Ratings as Indicators of Insightful Solution Processes. Poster 28th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Chicago, IL.
He, W. (January 5, 2015). A Model Explaining Security Behavior of Employees in Cyberspace. Poster National Science Foundation Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace (SaTC) Principal Investigators' Meeting Arlington, VA.
May, R. (July , 2014). Hindsight bias and the role of surprise in judgment Paper Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society Quebec City, Canada.
Tidikis, V. (November , 2013). Effects of valence and arousal on Stroop Task performance Poster Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Toronto Canada.
Tidikis, V. (May , 2013). Creativity: Happy Misery and Despondent Delight. Poster 25rd Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Washington DC.
Michalek, A. (November , 2012). Impact of Noise on Speech Processing in Adults with ADHD. Poster American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Annual Conference Atlanta, GA.
Tidikis, V. (May , 2012). Highly Arousing Negative Emotional States Cause Broadening of Attention Poster 24th Annual Convention Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (May , 2012). Hindsight bias on confidence and outcome likelihood judgments due to different mechanisms Poster 24th Annual Convention Chicago, IL.
May, R. W.. (April , 2012). Not all hindsight biases are the same: Effects of expectation and surprise on memory for prior judgments Paper Spring 2012 Virginia Psychological Association Conference Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. (May , 2011). Individual differences in working memory moderate stereotype-threat effects in creative problem solving 23rd Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Washington, DC.
Tidikis, V. (January , 2011). Differential Effects of Gender Group Composition on Creative Problem Solving Poster 12th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology San Antonio, TX.
Tidikyte-Day, V. (May , 2010). Effects of group gender composition on cognitive insight problem solving performance Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Boston, MA.
Edwards, A. (May , 2010). Human preference for delay: Health and non-health decision domains Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Boston, MA.
May, R. (May , 2010). Influence of gender, defensive processing, and stereotype threat on creative problem solving Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Boston, MA.
Croft, B. (April , 2010). Development of an IAT measure of sex guilt Annual meetin of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Tidikyte-Day, V. (April , 2010). Is one head better than two? Effects of working in groups on cognitive insight problem-solving performance Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Smith-Rodden, M. (April , 2010). Memory distortions linked with hindsight bias during judgments of trust Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
May, R. (April , 2010). Stereotype threat in creative problem solving Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Edwards, A. (April , 2010). We all delay: An examination of delay preference across certainty and decision domain Annual Spring Meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association Norfolk, VA.
Comer, C. S.. ( 2009). Effects of pre-outcome information and outcome congruency on hindsight bias and memory Annual Meeting Richmond, VA.
Smith-Rodden, M. (May , 2009). Knew it all along: Trust judgments and the hindsight bias effect 21st Annual Convention San Francisco, CA.
Smith-Rodden, M. (May , 2009). An examination of the hindsight bias effect during judgments of trust Annual Spring Meeting Richmond, VA.
Ash, I. K. (April , 2009). An examination of the hindsight bias effect following judgments of trust Annual Spring Meeting Williamsburg, VA.
Peoples, S. A.. (April , 2009). Can post-outcome information from expert opinions "debias" the Hindsight Bias? Raleigh, NC.
Ash, I. K. (November , 2008). The interaction of working memory and reasoning style in predicting syllogistic reasoning performance 49th Annual Meeting Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (October , 2008). Why is reasoning hard? The interaction of cognitive ability and strategy in deductive reasoning performance Psychology Department Brownbag Series Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.
Comer, C. S.. (April , 2008). The effect of instruction type and working memory on syllogistic reasoning performance Annual Old Dominion University Research Expo Norfolk, VA.
Smith-Rodden, M. (April , 2008). An implicit measures study of AIDS and cancer-related stigma The Annual Old Dominion University Research Expo. Norfolk, VA.
Morey, J. N.. (April , 2008). The effects of post-outcome information on the hindsight bias: a comparison of three cognitive reconstruction theories The annual Old Dominion University Research Expo. Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. (November , 2007). Expectation, surprise, and the hindsight bias: The effect of information and outcome congruency on retrospective judgments Human Factors and Applied Cognition Division Fairfax, VA.
Ash, I. K. (August , 2007). The role of expectation and memory in the hindsight bias effect: A test of cognitive reconstruction models 29th Annual Conference Nashville, TN.
Smith-Rodden, M. (April , 2007). An implicit measures study of AIDS-related stigma and terror management theory Annual Meeting Richmond, VA.
Ash, I. K. (April , 2007). Time pressure effects on a base-rate task using dissimilar cues and outcomes Annual Meeting Richmond, VA.
Ash, I. K. (April , 2007). Expectation, surprise, and the hindsight bias: The effect of information and outcome congruency on retrospective judgments Invited presentation given at the College of Business and Public Administration Dean’s Research Seminar Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. (March , 2007). Negotiating during hiring Preparing Future Faculty Event, “The New Faculty Experience." Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. (October , 2006). Individual difference in working memory and problem solving Neuropsychology Post-Doctoral Rounds Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. (August , 2006). Can exposure to post-outcome information “debias” the hindsight bias? 28th Annual Meeting Vancouver, BC.
Ash, I. K. (May , 2006). Surprising outcomes and memory for prior predictions Annual Meeting New York, NY.
Ash, I. K. (February , 2006). The dual process approach in learning, task performance, and problem solving Human Factors & Ergonomics Society Student Chapter Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. (November , 2005). Expectation, surprise, and the hindsight bias: The effects of information/outcome congruency on retrospective judgments 26th Annual Meeting Toronto, Canada.
Ash, I. K. (October , 2005). Using individual differences predictions to test performance theories: A problem-solving example Cognitive Neuroscience, Audition, Aging, Aviation and Driving Laboratory Norfolk, VA.
Ash, I. K. (March , 2005). Hindsight bias and surprise: Surprise! Cognitive Psychology Brown Bag Series Chicago, IL.
Sanchez, C. A.. (November , 2004). Making inferences from WebPages 45th Annual Meeting Minneapolis, MN.
Ash, I. K. (September , 2004). Working memory & insightful problem solving Cognitive Psychology Brown Bag Series Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (May , 2004). Ah-Ha! I knew it all along. Hindsight bias evidence of restructuring in problem solving Annual Meeting Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (August , 2003). Instructional focus does not affect implicit pattern learning 25th Annual Conference Boston, MA.
Nokes, T. J.. (May , 2003). Does attention matter for implicit learning? Annual Meeting Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (April , 2003). Hindsight bias measures of restructuring in problem solving Sigma Xi Annual Graduate Research Forum Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (March , 2003). Hindsight bias measures of restructuring in problem solving. Cognitive Psychology Brown Bag Series Chicago, IL.
Kershaw, T. C.. (November , 2002). The role of working memory in insight problem solving 42nd Annual Meeting Kansas City, Missouri.
Ash, I. K. (August , 2002). AH-HA! I knew it all along: Differences in hindsight bias between insight and algebra problems 24th Annual Conference Washington, DC.
Nokes, T. J.. (May , 2002). An examination of the role of attentional focus in implicit learning Annual Meeting Chicago, IL.
Nokes, T. J.. (January , 2002). The tension between attention and inattention: An examination of the role of attentional focus in implicit learning Cognitive Psychology Brown Bag Series Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (November , 2001). Hindsight bias in problem solving 42nd Annual Meeting Orlando, FL.
Wiley, J. (May , 2001). The impact of images on learning from WebPages on science and history Annual Meeting Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (April , 2001). Hindsight bias in problem solving Cognitive Psychology Brown Bag Series Chicago, IL.
Ash, I. K. (August , 2000). Cardiac measures of attentional resource demands during continuous manual tracking Third International Conference San Diego, CA.
Jaffa, M. (May , 1999). Grimacing facilitates the exertion of force Annual Conference Denver, CO.
  • 2014: Shining Star Recognition, Division of Student Engagement and Enrollment Services, Old Dominion University
  • 2008: Shining Star Award, Old Dominion University Division of Student Affiars
  • 2004: Research Travel Funding Award, Graduate Student Counsel of University of Illinois at Chicago.
  • 2003: Lee Tonon Award, Psychology Department, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • 2003: Michael J. Piorkowski Award , University of Chicago, Illinois
  • 2003: Psi Chi/Erlbaum Award in Cognitive Science, Psi Chi
  • 2003: Research Travel Funding Award, Graduate Student Counsel of University of Illinois at Chicago
  • 2002: Research Travel Funding Awards, Graduate Student Counsel of University of Illinois at Chicago
  • 1999: Outstanding Pyschology Graduate of the Year, Psychology Department at Central Michigan University
  • 1999: Psi Chi Award for Outstanding Service, Central Michigan University Chapter of Psi Chi National Honors Society in Psychology