Professor
Electrical & Computer Engineering

Shu Xiao

Suite 300 Frank Reidy Research Ctr 4211 Monarch Way
Norfolk, 23508

Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, Old Dominion University, (2004)

M.S. in Physical Electronics, University of Electronics Science and Technology of China, (1999)

Ph.D. in Physical Electronics, University of Electronics Science and Technology of China, (1999)

B.S. in Physics, Gannan Teachers' College, (1992)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Pakhomov, A., Pakhomova, O. and Xiao, S. "Mechanisms and Implications of Nanoelectroporation in living cells" $1200000. Federal. July 10, 2010 - June 30, 2014
Xiao, S. and Schoenbach, K. H. "Near-Field Propagation of Sub-Nanosecond Electric Pulses Into Amorphous Masses" $600000. Federal. June 1, 2008 - May 31, 2011
Pakhomov, A., Beebe, S. J., Swanson, R. J. and Xiao, S. "JNLWD Neuromuscular Effect" $665350. Federal. January 22, 2009 - December 3, 2009
Xiao, S. "A Nanosecond Pulse Generator" $7992. Private. May 3, 2009 - September 15, 2009
Schoenbach, K. H. and Xiao, S. "Ultrawideband Antenna for Near-field Operation in Tissue" $300000. Private. August 16, 2008 - August 15, 2009

Research Interests

Research Interests: pulsed power, bioelectrics, high power antennas

Articles

Xiao, S., Zhou, C., Yang, E. and Rajulapati, S. (2018). Nanosecond bipolar pulse generators for bioelectrics. Bioelectrochemistry 123 , pp. 77-87.
Pakhomov, A., Grigoryev, S., Semenov, I., Casciola, M., Jiang, C. and Xiao, S. (2018). The second phase of bipolar, nanosecond-range electric pulses determines the electroporation efficiency. Bioelectrochemistry 122 , pp. 123-133.
Semenov, I., Casciola, M., Ibey, B., Xiao, S. and Pakhomov, A. (2018). Electropermeabilization of cells by closely spaced paired nanosecond-range pulses. Bioelectrochemistry 121 , pp. 135-141.
Xiao, S., Semenov, I., Petrella, R., Pakhomov, A. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2017). A subnanosecond electric pulse exposure system for biological cells. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 55 (7) , pp. 1063-1072.
Kanagaraj, J., Chen, B., Xiao, S. and Cho, M. (2017). Reparative Effects of Poloxamer P188 in Astrocytes Exposed to Controlled Microcavitation. Annals of Biomedical Engineering.
Casciola, M., Xiao, S. and Pakhomov, A. (2017). Damage-free peripheral nerve stimulation by 12-ns pulsed electric field.. Sci. Rep..
Petrella, R., Schoenbach, K. H. and Xiao, S. (2017). A Dielectric Rod Antenna Driven by Pulsed Power System for Stimulating Biological Tissues . IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 24 (4) , pp. 2157-2163.
Petrella, R. A.., Xiao, S. and Katsuki, S. (2016). An air core pulse transformer with a linearly integrated primary capacitor bank to achieve ultrafast charging. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 23 (4) , pp. 2443 - 2449 .
Zhu, W., Alkhazal, M., Cho, M. and Xiao, S. (2015). Microbubble generation by piezotransducer for biological studies.. The Review of scientific instruments 86 (12) , pp. 124901.
Kang, D., Nah, J. B., Cho, M. and Xiao, S. (2014). Shock Wave Generation in Water for Biological Studies. IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science 42 (10) , pp. 3231 - 3238.
Guo, F., Yao, C., Bajracharya, C., Polisetty, S., Schoenbach, K. H. and Xiao, S. (2013). Simulation Study of Delivery of Subnanosecond Pulses to Biological Tissues with an Impulse Radiating Antenna. Bioelectromagnetics 35 , pp. 145-159.
Beebe, S. J., Chen, Y., Sain, N. M.., Schoenbach, K. H. and Xiao, S. (2012). Transient Features in Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields Differentially Modulate Mitochondria and Viability. PLoS One.
Xiao, S., Altunc, S., Kumar, P., Baum, C. E. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2010). A Reflector Antenna for Focusing in the Near Field. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letter 9 , pp. 12-15.
Joshi, R., Kolb, J. F., Xiao, S. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2009). Aspects of Plasma in Water: Streamer Physics and Applications. Plasma Processes and Polymers 6 , pp. 763-777.
Xiao, S., Joshi, R., Kolb, J. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2009). Nanosecond, Electrical Triggering of Water Switches. IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 16 (4) , pp. 1066-1075.
Ibey, B. L., Xiao, S., Schoenbach, K. H., Murphy, M. R. and Pakhomov, A. (2009). Plasma Membrane Permeabilization by 60 and 600 ns Electric Pulses is Determined by the Absorbed Dose. Bioelectromagnetics 30 (2) , pp. 90-92.
Zhang, J., Blackmore, P. F., Hargrave, B., Xiao, S., Beebe, S. J. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2008). Nanosecond Pulse Electric Field (nanopulse): a Novel Non-ligand Agonist for Platelet Activation. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 471 , pp. 240-248.
Kolb, J. F., Joshi, R., Xiao, S. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2008). Streamers in Water and Other Dielectric Liquids. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41 (234007).
Schoenbach, K. H., Xiao, S., Joshi, R., Camp, J. T., Heeren, T., Kolb, J. F. and Beebe, S. J. (2008). The Effect of Intense Subnanosecond Electrical Pulses on Biological Cells. IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 36 (2) , pp. 414.
Schoenbach, K. H., Kolb, J. F., Xiao, S., Katsuki, S., Minamitani, Y. and Joshi, R. (2008). Electrical Breakdown of Water in Microgaps. Plasma Sources Science and Tchnology 17 (2) , pp. 10pp.
Schoenbach, K. H., Hargrave, B., Joshi, R., Kolb, J. F., Osgood, C. J., Nuccitelli, R., Pakhomov, A., Swanson, R. J., Stacey, M. W., White, J. A., Xiao, S., Zhang, J., Beebe, S. J., Blackmore, P. F. and Buescher, E. Stephen. (2007). Bioelectric Effects of Nanosecond Pulses. IEEE Trans. Diel. Electr. Insul. 14 (5) , pp. 1088-1109.
Sun, Y., Xiao, S., White, J. A., Kolb, J. F., Stacey, M. W. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2007). Compact, Nanosecond, High Repetition-Rate, Pulse Generator for Bioelectric Studies. IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 14 (4).
Pakhomov, A., Kolb, J. F., White, J. A., Joshi, R., Xiao, S. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2007). Long-Lasting Plasma Membrane Permeabilization in Mammalian Cells by Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Field (nsPEF). Bioelectromagnetics 28 , pp. 655.
Xiao, S., Kolb, J. F., Malik, M. A., Lu, X., Laroussi, M., Joshi, R. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2006). Electrical Breakdown and Dielectric Recovery of Polar Liquids. IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 34 , pp. 1653-1661.
Malik, M. A., Minamitani, Y., Xiao, S., Kolb, J. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2005). Streamers in Water Filled Wire-Cylinder and Packed-Bed Reactors. IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 33 , pp. 490-491.
Xiao, S., Kolb, J. F., Kono, S., Katsuki, S., Joshi, R., Laroussi, M. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2004). High Power Water Switches: Postbreakdown Phenomena and Dielectric Recovery. IEEE Trans. on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 11 , pp. 604-612.
Xiao, S., Mo, Y. and Yu, X. (1999). Improvement of Linear Model of Plasma Filled Dielectric Cenrenkov Maser. International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves 5.
Xiao, S. and Mo, Y. (1999). Study of Open Cavity Filled with Plasma Density Grating. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 27.

Book Chapters

Semenov, I. and Xiao, S. (2017). Electropermeabilization and Electrostimulation by Picosecond Pulses Handbook of Electroporation (pp. 171-186) Springer.
Xiao, S. (2017). Development of Pulsed Antennas for Non-invasive Exposures Handbook of Electroporation Springer.
Xiao, S. and Petrella, R. (2016). Delivery of Electric Pulses to Biological Tissues Using Antenna Bioelectrics (pp. 90-104) Springer.

Conference Proceeding

Petrella, R. A. and Xiao, S. (2017). Characterization of a dielectric rod antenna used for radiating picosecond pulses 2016 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2016.
Kolb, J. F., Joshi, R., Xiao, S. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2010). Streamer Breakdown and Propagation in Water Matsuyama, Ehime: Proc. International Workshop on Plasmas with Liquids (March 22-24, 2010).
Kolb, J. F., Xiao, S., Camp, J. Thomas., Migliaccio, M., Bajracharya, C. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2010). Sub-Nanosecond Electrical Pulses for Medical Therapies and Imaging Barcelona: Proc. 4th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (April 12-16, 2010).

Presentations

Xiao, S. (June , 2010). Biological Cells Response to High Power Electromagnetic Pulses 2010 International Bioelectrics Conference Norfolk, VA.
Xiao, S., Camp, T., Nesin, V., Pakhomov, A., Heller, R. and Schoenbach, K. H. (May 27, 2010). "Biological Cell Response to High Power Electromagnetic Pulses IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference Atlanta, GA.
Camp, J., Xiao, S., Baldwin, W. and Schoenbach, K. H. (May 27, 2010). Effects of the Rate of Temperature Increase on Liver Cancer Cells in Vitro IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference Atlanta, GA.
Xiao, S., Bajracharya, C., Migliaccio, M., Baum, C. E. and Schoenbach, K. H. (May 27, 2010). Subnanosecond Pulsed Antennas for Biomedical Applications IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference Atlanta, GA.
Bajracharya, C., Xiao, S., Li, J. and Schoenbach, K. H. (May 27, 2010). Target Detection with Focused Pulsed Electromagnetic Radiation IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference Atlanta, gA.
Xiao, S. and Schoenbach, K. H. (January , 2010). Modifying Cell Functions with Ultrashort Pulses URSI National Radio Science Meeting Boulder, CO.
Schoenbach, K. H., Xiao, S., Camp, J. T., Migliaccio, M., Beebe, S. J. and Baum, C. E. ( 2009). Wideband, High-Amplitude, Pulsed Antennas for Medical Therapies and Medical Imaging ICEAA'09 Torino, Italy.
Xiao, S. (October , 2009). Ultrawideband Antennas for Medical Diagnostic and Therapy Workshop on "Bioelectrics" at the 2009 DEIS Conference Va Beach, VA.
Xiao, S., Migliaccio, M., Camp, J. T., Baum, C. E. and Schoenbach, K. H. (June , 2009). Focusing Pulsed Electromagnetic Radiation in the Near Field 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference (PPC2009 Washington DC.
Camp, J. T., Xiao, S., Beebe, S. J., Blackmore, P. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (June , 2009). Bioelectric Studies with Subnanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference (PPC2009) Washington DC.
Xiao, S., Bajracharya, C., Baum, C. E. and Schoenbach, K. H. (June , 2009). Imaging With Focused Pulsed Electromagnetic Radiation 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference (PPC2009) Washington DC.
Camp, J. T., Xiao, S. and Schoenbach, K. H. ( 2008). Development of a High Voltage, 150 ps Pulse Generator for Biological Applications Proceeding of 2008 Power Modulators and High-Voltage Conference .
Xiao, S., Schoenbach, K. H. and Baum, C. E. (August , 2008). Time-Domain Focusing Radar for Medical Imaging XXIX General Assembly of URSI Chicago, IL.
Xiao, S., Migliaccio, M., Camp, J. T., Kolb, J. F., Schoenbach, K. H. and Baum, C. E. ( 2007). A Wide-Band Focusing System for Bioelectric Applications 2007 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference Albuquerque, NM.
Schoenbach, K. H., Xiao, S., Camp, T., Kolb, J. F., Joshi, R. and Beebe, S. J. (July , 2007). From Submicrosecond to Subnanosecond Pulses-Entering a New Domain of Electric Field-Cell Interactions URSI 2007, North America Radio Science Meeting Ottawa, Canada.
Xiao, S., Kolb, J. F., Schoenbach, K. H. and Baum, C. E. (July , 2007). The Design of a Wide-band Antenna for Biomedical Applications URSI 2007, North America Radio Science Meeting Ottawa, Canada.
Sun, Y., Xiao, S., Kolb, J. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (May , 2006). A Nanosecond, High Repetition-Rate, All Water Conf. Record of the 2006 IEEE Power Modulator Conference Washington DC.
Schoenbach, K. H., Katsuki, S., Akiyama, H., Heeren, T., Kolb, J. F., Xiao, S., Camp, T., Joshi, R., Osgood, C. J., Nuccitelli, R. and Beebe, S. J. (May , 2006). Biological Effects of Intense Subnanosecond Electrical Pulses Conf. Record of the 2006 IEEE Power Modulator Conference Washington DC.
Xiao, S., Sun, Y., Kolb, J. F., Pliquett, U., Heeren, T., Akiyama, H. and Schoenbach, K. H. (May , 2006). Electrically Triggered Water Switches Conf. Record of the 2006 IEEE Power Modulator Conference Washington DC.
Heeren, T., Kolb, J. F., Xiao, S., Schoenbach, K. H. and Akiyama, H. (May , 2006). Pulsed Power Generators and Delivery Devices for Bioelectrical Applications Conf. Record of the 2006 IEEE Power Modulator Conference Washington DC.