Senior Lecturer
Biological Sciences

Christina Steel

302 P Mills Godwin Bldg
Norfolk, 23529

Ph.D. in Biomedical Sciences, Eastern Virginia Medical School/Old Dominion University, (2010)

B.A. in Foreign Languages - Spanish, Radford University, (2001)

B.S. in Biology, Radford University, (2001)

TopHat Level 2 Certification
Sponsoring Organization: TopHat
Date Obtained: 2020-03-01

Research Interests

Neuroimmunology, T cell biology, dendritic cell biology, encephalitis

Articles

Steel, C. (2014). Vesicular stomatitis virus encephalitis: Role of peripheral immune response in microglia activation. J Neuroimmunol 267 (1) , pp. 50-60.
Steel, C. (2010). Distinct macrophage subpopulations regulate viral encephalitis but not viral clearance in the CNS. J Neuroimmunol 226 (1-2) , pp. 81-92.
Steel, C. (2009). Peripheral dendritic cells are essential for both the innate and adaptive antiviral immune responses in the central nervous system. Virology 387 (1) , pp. 117-126.
Steel, C. (2008). Comparison of the lateral tail vein and the retro-orbital venous sinus as routes of intravenous drug delivery in a transgenic mouse model. Lab Anim (NY) 37 (1) , pp. 26-32.
Ciavarra, R. P. (2006). Evaluation of immunological paradigms in a virus model: are dendritic cells critical for antiviral immunity and viral clearance?. Journal of Immunology 177 (1) , pp. 192-500.
Ciavarra, R. P . (2005). Impact of macrophage and dendritic cell subset elimination on antiviral immunity, viral clearance and production of type 1 interferon. Virology 342 (5) , pp. 177-189.
Steel, C. (2003). Single live cell imaging of chromosomes in chloramphenicol-induced filamentous Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Biochemistry 43 (1) , pp. 175-182.
Ciavarra, R. (2018). Controllable and uncontrollable stress differentially impact pathogenicity and survival in a mouse model of viral encephalitis. Journal of Neuroimmunology 319 , pp. 130-141.
Ciavarra, R. P. (2017). Early gene activation initiates neuroinflammation prior to VSV neuroinvasion: Impact on antiviral responses and sleep. Journal of neuroimmunology 303 , pp. 31-42.
Steel, C. (2014). Vesicular stomatitis virus encephalitis: Role of peripheral immune response in microglia activation. J Neuroimmunol 267 (1) , pp. 50-60.
Steel, C. (2010). Distinct macrophage subpopulations regulate viral encephalitis but not viral clearance in the CNS. J Neuroimmunol 226 (1-2) , pp. 81-92.
Steel, C. (2009). Peripheral dendritic cells are essential for both the innate and adaptive antiviral immune responses in the central nervous system. Virology 387 (1) , pp. 117-126.
Steel, C. (2008). Comparison of the lateral tail vein and the retro-orbital venous sinus as routes of intravenous drug delivery in a transgenic mouse model. Lab Anim (NY) 37 (1) , pp. 26-32.
Ciavarra, R. P. (2006). Evaluation of immunological paradigms in a virus model: are dendritic cells critical for antiviral immunity and viral clearance?. Journal of Immunology 177 (1) , pp. 192-500.
Ciavarra, R. P . (2005). Impact of macrophage and dendritic cell subset elimination on antiviral immunity, viral clearance and production of type 1 interferon. Virology 342 (5) , pp. 177-189.
Steel, C. (2003). Single live cell imaging of chromosomes in chloramphenicol-induced filamentous Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Biochemistry 43 (1) , pp. 175-182.

Book Chapters

McDaniel, D. H. (2013). Evaluating Cosmeceuticals Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Practice Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, LTD.
McDaniel, D. H. (2013). Evaluating Cosmeceuticals Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Practice Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, LTD.

Presentations

Steel, C. (May , 2016). Title: Stress perception differentially regulates the inflammatory response in the CNS to a neurotropic viral pathogen Poster Immunology 2016: AAI Annual Meeting Seattle, WA.
Steel, C. (May 9, 2015). Stress Perception Alters Cellular and Molecular Immunity in the Immune Response in the Brain to a Neurotropic Viral Pathogen Poster Immunology 2015: AAI Annual Meeting New Orleans, LA.
Steel, C. (April 11, 2015). Stress Perception Alters Brain Inflammation Following Neuroinvasion by a Neurotropic Viral Pathogen Oral Presentation 6th Annual Virginia Regional Herpesvirus Symposium Norfolk, VA.
Steel, C. (May , 2013). Role of peripheral immune response in regulating chemokine and pro-inflammatory cytokine profiles during acute viral encephalitis Poster Immunology 2013: AAI Annual Meeting Honolulu, HI.
Steel, C. (January , 2008). Peripheral Dendritic Cells Modulate Immunity in Viral Infections of the Central Nervous System Poster Keystone Symposia: Viral Immunity Keystone, CO.
Steel, C. ( 2004). Real-time Single-Molecule Study of Membrane Transport and Chromosome Replication in Single Living Bacterial Cells. Poster .
Wan, Q. (March , 2003). Single Live Cell Imaging of Chromosome Replication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Oral Presentation 54th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy (PITTCON) Orlando, FL.
Steel, C. (March , 2003). Study Of Hyper-Elongation Of Pseudomonas aeruginosa In Antibiotics Using Single Live-Cell Imaging Oral Presentation 54th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy (PITTCON) Orlando, FL.
Steel, C. (March , 2003). Study Of Multidrug Resistance In Cancer Cells Using Live Cell Imaging and Nanoprobes. Oral Presentation 54th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy (PITTCON) Orlando, FL.
  • 2018: Distinguished Teaching Award-Nontenured Faculty, College of Sciences
  • 2015: Shining Star Award, Old Dominion University Division of Student Affairs
  • 2015: Shining Star Award, Old Dominion University Division of Student Affairs
  • 2014: Shining Star Award, Old Dominion University Division of Student Affairs
  • 2013: Distinguished Teaching Award-Adjunct, Old Dominion University College of Sciences
  • 2011: Shining Star Award, Old Dominion University Division of Student Affairs