Research Professor
Frank Reidy Research Center for Bioelectrics

Stephen Beebe

300 4211 Monarch Way Research Park Ii
Norfolk, 23529

Ph.D. in Medical Sciences/Pharmacology, Medical College Of Ohio, (1982)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Beebe, S. J. and Guo, S. "Nanosecond pulsed electric fields for immuno-oncology applications" $300000.00 . Commercial. March 1, 2017 - August 30, 2018
Beebe, S. J. and Lai, N. "Effects of pulse electromagnetic fields on immune dell function and diff." $63968.00 . Commercial. February 1, 2017 - January 1, 2018
Beebe, S. J. and Guo, S. "Mechanisms That Induce Immunogenic Cell Death And Restore Immunosurveillance In Rat Hepatocellular Carcinoma And Mouse Mammary Cancer" $201600.00 . Commercial. March 13, 2016 - August 31, 2017
Pakhomov, A., Beebe, S. J., Swanson, R. J. and Xiao, S. "JNLWD Neuromuscular Effect" $665350. Federal. January 22, 2009 - December 3, 2009

Articles

Lassiter, B. P., Guo, S. and Beebe, S. J. (2018). Nano-pulse stimulation ablates orthotopic rat hepatocellular carcinoma and induces innate and adaptive memory immune mechanisms that prevent recurrence. Cancers 10 (3) , pp. 1-19.
Beebe, S. J. (2015). Mechanisms of nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF)-induced cell death in cells and tumors. Journal of Nanomedicine Research 2 (00016).
Beebe, S. J. (2015). Considering effects of nanosecond pulsed electric fields on proteins.. Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 103 , pp. 52-9.
Chen, R., Sain, N. M., Harlow, K. T., Chen, Y., Shires, P. K., Heller, R. and Beebe, S. J. (2014). A protective effect after clearance of orthotopic rat hepatocellular carcinoma by nanosecond pulsed electric fields.. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990) 50 (15) , pp. 2705-13.
Beebe, S. J. (2013). Applications for pulse power using nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) in cell biology and cancer treatment. Journal of Nanomedicine and Biotherapeutic Discovery 3 (e123).
Beebe, S. J. (2013). Bioelectrics in basic science and medicine: impact of electric fields on cellular structures and functions. Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology 4 (163).
Beebe, S. J., Sain, N. M. and Ren, W. (2013). Induction of Cell Death Mechanisms and Apoptosis by Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields (nsPEFs).. Cells 2 (1) , pp. 136-62.
Ren, W., Sain, N. M. and Beebe, S. J. (2012). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) activate intrinsic caspase-dependent and caspase-independent cell death in Jurkat cells.. Biochemical and biophysical research communications 421 (4) , pp. 808-12.
Chen, X., Zhuang, J., Kolb, J. F., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2012). Long term survival of mice with hepatocellular carcinoma after pulse power ablation with nanosecond pulsed electric fields.. Technology in cancer research & treatment 11 (1) , pp. 83-93.
Wang, J., Guo, J., Wu, S., Feng, H., Sun, S., Pan, J., Zhang, J. and Beebe, S. J. (2012). Synergistic effects of nanosecond pulsed electric fields combined with low concentration of gemcitabine on human oral squamous cell carcinoma in vitro.. PloS one 7 (8) , pp. e43213.
Beebe, S. J., Chen, Y., Sain, N. M., Schoenbach, K. H. and Xiao, S. (2012). Transient features in nanosecond pulsed electric fields differentially modulate mitochondria and viability.. PloS one 7 (12) , pp. e51349.
Long, G., Shires, P. K., Plescia, D., Beebe, S. J., Kolb, J. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2011). Targeted tissue ablation with nanosecond pulses.. IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering 58 (8).
Ren, W. and Beebe, S. J. (2011). An apoptosis targeted stimulus with nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) in E4 squamous cell carcinoma.. Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death 16 (4) , pp. 382-93.
Beebe, S. J., Chen, X., Liu, J. A. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2011). Nanosecond pulsed electric field ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma.. Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference 2011 , pp. 6861-5.
Chen, X., Kolb, J. F., Swanson, R. J., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2010). Apoptosis Initiation and Angiogenesis Inhibition: Melanoma Targets for Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields. Pigment Cell Melanoma Research 23 , pp. 554.
Song, J., Joshi, R. and Beebe, S. J. (2010). Cellular apoptosis by nanosecond, high-intensity electric pulses: model evaluation of the pulsing threshold and extrinsic pathway.. Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 79 (2) , pp. 179-86.
Beebe, S. J., Schoenbach, K. H. and Heller, R. (2010). Bioelectric applications for treatment of melanoma.. Cancers 2 (3) , pp. 1731-70.
Sabuncu, A. C., Liu, J. A., Beebe, S. J. and Beskok, A. (2010). Dielectrophoretic separation of mouse melanoma clones.. Biomicrofluidics 4 (2).
Ford, W. E., Ren, W., Blackmore, P. F., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2010). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields stimulate apoptosis without release of pro-apoptotic factors from mitochondria in B16f10 melanoma.. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 497 (1-2) , pp. 82-9.
Osgood, C. J., Nuccitelli, R., Chen, X., Pakhomov, A. G., Baldwin, W. H., Sheikh, S., Pomicter, J. L., Swanson, R. J., Kolb, J. F., Beebe, S. J. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2009). A new pulsed electric field therapy for melanoma disrupts tumor's blood supply and causes complete remission without recurrence. Int. J. Cancer 125 , pp. 438-445.
Schoenbach, K. H., Joshi, R., Beebe, S. J. and Baum, C. (2009). A Scaling Law for Bioelectric Effects of Nanosecond Pulses. IEEE Trans. Dielectr. and Electr. Insula. 16 , pp. 1224-1235.
Nuccitelli, R., Chen, X., Pakhomov, A., Baldwin, W. H., Sheikh, S., Pomicter, J. L., Ren, W., Osgood, C. J., Swanson, R. J., Kolb, J. F., Beebe, S. J. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2009). A new pulsed electric field therapy for melanoma disrupts the tumor's blood supply and causes complete remission without recurrence.. International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer 125 (2) , pp. 438-45.
Beebe, S. J., Ford, W. E., Ren, W., Chen, X. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2009). Non-ionizing radiation with nanosecond pulsed electric fields as a cancer treatment: in vitro studies.. Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference 2009 , pp. 6509-12.
Zhang, J., Blackmore, P. F., Hargrave, B., Xiao, S., Beebe, S. J. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2008). Nanosecond Pulse Electric Field (nanopulse): a Novel Non-ligand Agonist for Platelet Activation. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 471 , pp. 240-248.
Schoenbach, K. H., Xiao, S., Joshi, R., Camp, J. T., Heeren, T., Kolb, J. F. and Beebe, S. J. (2008). The Effect of Intense Subnanosecond Electrical Pulses on Biological Cells. IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 36 (2) , pp. 414.
Schoenbach, K. H., Hargrave, B., Joshi, R., Kolb, J. F., Osgood, C. J., Nuccitelli, R., Pakhomov, A., Swanson, R. J., Stacey, M., White, J. A., Xiao, S., Zhang, J., Beebe, S. J., Blackmore, P. F. and Buescher, E. S. (2007). Bioelectric Effects of Nanosecond Pulses. IEEE Trans. Diel. Electr. Insul. 14 (5) , pp. 1088-1109.
Chen, N., Garner, A. L., Chen, G., Jing, Y., Deng, Y., Swanson, R. J., Kolb, J. F., Beebe, S. J., Joshi, R. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2007). Nanosecond electric pulses penetrate the nucleus and enhance speckle formation.. Biochemical and biophysical research communications 364 (2) , pp. 220-5.
Garner, A. L., Chen, G., Chen, N., Sridhara, V., Kolb, J. F., Swanson, R. J., Beebe, S. J., Joshi, R. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2007). Ultrashort electric pulse induced changes in cellular dielectric properties.. Biochemical and biophysical research communications 362 (1) , pp. 139-44.
Hall, E. H., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2007). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields induce apoptosis in p53-wildtype and p53-null HCT116 colon carcinoma cells.. Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death 12 (9) , pp. 1721-31.
Joshi, R., Nguyen, A., Sridhara, V., Hu, Q., Nuccitelli, R., Beebe, S. J., Kolb, J. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2007). Simulations of intracellular calcium release dynamics in response to a high-intensity, ultrashort electric pulse.. Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics 75 (4 Pt 1) , pp. 041920.
Hall, E. H., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2007). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields have differential effects on cells in the S-phase.. DNA and cell biology 26 (3) , pp. 160-71.
Frey, W., White, J. A., Price, R. O., Blackmore, P. F., Joshi, R., Nuccitelli, R., Beebe, S. J., Schoenbach, K. H. and Kolb, J. F. (2006). Plasma membrane voltage changes during nanosecond pulsed electric field exposure.. Biophysical journal 90 (10) , pp. 3608-15.
Nuccitelli, R., Pliquett, U., Chen, X., Ford, W., James Swanson, R., Beebe, S. J., Kolb, J. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2006). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields cause melanomas to self-destruct.. Biochemical and biophysical research communications 343 (2) , pp. 351-60.
Tiangco, D. A., Lattanzio, F. A., Osgood, C. J., Beebe, S. J., Kerry, J. A. and Hargrave, B. (2005). 3,4-Methylendioxymethamphetamine activates nuclear factor-kappaB, increases intracellular calcium, and modulates gene transcription in rat heart cells. Cardiovasc Toxicol 5 (3) , pp. 301-310.
Hall, E. H., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2005). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF) induce direct electric field effects and biological effects on human colon carcinoma cells.. DNA and cell biology 24 (5) , pp. 283-91.
Hu, Q., Viswanadham, S., Joshi, R., Schoenbach, K. H., Beebe, S. J. and Blackmore, P. F. (2005). Simulations of transient membrane behavior in cells subjected to a high-intensity ultrashort electric pulse.. Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics 71 (3 Pt 1) , pp. 031914.
Tiangco, D. A., Lattanzio, Jr, F. A., Osgood, C. J., Beebe, S. J., Kerry, J. A. and Hargrave, B. (2005). 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine activates nuclear factor-kappaB, increases intracellular calcium, and modulates gene transcription in rat heart cells.. Cardiovascular toxicology 5 (3) , pp. 301-10.
Taylor, S. L., Weng, S. L., Fox, P., Duran, E. H., Morshedi, M. S., Oehninger, S. and Beebe, S. J. (2004). Somatic cell apoptosis markers and pathways in human ejaculated sperm: potential utility as indicators of sperm quality.. Molecular human reproduction 10 (11) , pp. 825-34.
Beebe, S. J., Blackmore, P. F., White, J., Joshi, R. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2004). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields modulate cell function through intracellular signal transduction mechanisms.. Physiological measurement 25 (4) , pp. 1077-93.
White, J. A., Blackmore, P. F., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2004). Stimulation of capacitative calcium entry in HL-60 cells by nanosecond pulsed electric fields.. The Journal of biological chemistry 279 (22) , pp. 22964-72.
Zhang, W., Morris, G. Z. and Beebe, S. J. (2004). Characterization of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit Cgamma expressed and purified from sf9 cells.. Protein expression and purification 35 (1) , pp. 156-69.
Joshi, R., Hu, Q., Schoenbach, K. H. and Beebe, S. J. (2004). Energy-landscape-model analysis for irreversibility and its pulse-width dependence in cells subjected to a high-intensity ultrashort electric pulse.. Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics 69 (5 Pt 1) , pp. 051901.
Chen, N., Schoenbach, K. H., Kolb, J. F., James Swanson, R., Garner, A. L., Yang, J., Joshi, R. and Beebe, S. J. (2004). Leukemic cell intracellular responses to nanosecond electric fields.. Biochemical and biophysical research communications 317 (2) , pp. 421-7.
Hargrave, B., Tiangco, D., Lattanzio, F. and Beebe, S. J. (2003). Cocaine but not morphine causes the generation of reactive oxygen species and activation of NFκB in transiently co-transfected heart and renal epithelial cells. Cardiovascular Toxicology 3 , pp. 141-151.
Stacey, M. W., Stickley, J., Fox, P., Statler, V., Schoenbach, K. H., Beebe, S. J. and Buescher, S. (2003). Differential effects in cells exposed to ultra-short, high intensity electric fields: cell survival, DNA damage, and cell cycle analysis.. Mutation research 542 (1-2) , pp. 65-75.
Beebe, S. J., White, J., Blackmore, P. F., Deng, Y., Somers, K. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2003). Diverse effects of nanosecond pulsed electric fields on cells and tissues.. DNA and cell biology 22 (12) , pp. 785-96.
Beebe, S. J., Fox, P. M., Rec, L. J., Willis, E. L. and Schoenbach, K. H. (2003). Nanosecond, high-intensity pulsed electric fields induce apoptosis in human cells.. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 17 (11) , pp. 1493-5.
Deng, J., Schoenbach, K. H., Buescher, E. S., Hair, P. S., Fox, P. M. and Beebe, S. J. (2003). The effects of intense submicrosecond electrical pulses on cells.. Biophysical journal 84 (4) , pp. 2709-14.
Hargrave, B., Tiangco, D. A., Lattanzio, F. A. and Beebe, S. J. (2003). Cocaine, not morphine, causes the generation of reactive oxygen species and activation of NF-kappaB in transiently cotransfected heart cells.. Cardiovascular toxicology 3 (2) , pp. 141-51.
Morris, G. Z., Williams, R. L., Elliott, M. S. and Beebe, S. J. (2002). Resveratrol induces apoptosis in LNCaP cells and requires hydroxyl groups to decrease viability in LNCaP and DU 145 cells.. The Prostate 52 (4) , pp. 319-29.
Morris, R. C., Morris, G. Z., Zhang, W., Gellerman, M. and Beebe, S. J. (2002). Differential transcriptional regulation by the alpha- and gamma-catalytic subunit isoforms of cAMP-dependent protein kinase.. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 403 (2) , pp. 219-28.
Schoenbach, K. H., Beebe, S. J. and Buescher, E. S. (2001). Intracellular effect of ultrashort electrical pulses.. Bioelectromagnetics 22 (6) , pp. 440-8.
Parvathenani, L. K., Buescher, E. S., Chacon-Cruz, E. and Beebe, S. J. (1998). Type I cAMP-dependent protein kinase delays apoptosis in human neutrophils at a site upstream of caspase-3.. The Journal of biological chemistry 273 (12) , pp. 6736-43.
Wang, D. H., Prewitt, R. L. and Beebe, S. J. (1995). Regulation of PDGF-A: a possible mechanism for angiotensin II-induced vascular growth.. The American journal of physiology 269 (1 Pt 2) , pp. H356-64.
Beebe, S. J. (1994). The cAMP-dependent protein kinases and cAMP signal transduction.. Seminars in cancer biology 5 (4) , pp. 285-94.
Beebe, S. J., Salomonsky, P., Holroyd, C. and Becker, D. (1993). Differential expression of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase isozymes in normal human melanocytes and malignant melanomas.. Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 4 (12) , pp. 1005-12.
Beebe, S. J., Salomonsky, P., Jahnsen, T. and Li , Y. (1992). The C gamma subunit is a unique isozyme of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase.. The Journal of biological chemistry 267 (35) , pp. 25505-12.
Beebe, S. J., Leyton, L., Burks, D., Ishikawa, M., Fuerst, T., Dean, J. and Saling, P. (1992). Recombinant mouse ZP3 inhibits sperm binding and induces the acrosome reaction.. Developmental biology 151 (1) , pp. 48-54.
Takeuchi, K., Sandow, B. A., Morsy, M., Kaufmann, R. A., Beebe, S. J. and Hodgen, G. D. (1992). Preclinical models for human pre-embryo biopsy and genetic diagnosis. I. Efficiency and normalcy of mouse pre-embryo development after different biopsy techniques.. Fertility and sterility 57 (2) , pp. 425-30.
Morsy, M., Takeuchi, K., Kaufmann, R., Veeck, L., Hodgen, G. D. and Beebe, S. J. (1992). Preclinical models for human pre-embryo biopsy and genetic diagnosis. II. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of deoxyribonucleic acid from single lymphoblasts and blastomeres with mutation detection.. Fertility and sterility 57 (2) , pp. 431-8.
Foss, K. B., Simard, J., Bérubé, D., Beebe, S. J., Sandberg, M., Grzeschik, K. H., Gagné, R., Hansson, V. and Jahnsen, T. (1992). Localization of the catalytic subunit C gamma of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase gene (PRKACG) to human chromosome region 9q13.. Cytogenetics and cell genetics 60 (1) , pp. 22-5.
Thomas, M. K., Francis, S. H., Beebe, S. J., Gettys, T. W. and Corbin, J. D. (1992). Partial mapping of cyclic nucleotide sites and studies of regulatory mechanisms of phosphodiesterases using cyclic nucleotide analogues.. Advances in second messenger and phosphoprotein research 25 , pp. 45-53.
Landmark, B. F., Fauske, B., Eskild, W., Skålhegg, B., Lohmann, S. M., Hansson, V., Jahnsen, T. and Beebe, S. J. (1991). Identification, characterization, and hormonal regulation of 3', 5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinases in rat Sertoli cells.. Endocrinology 129 (5) , pp. 2345-54.
Blackmore, P. F., Neulen, J., Lattanzio, F. and Beebe, S. J. (1991). Cell surface-binding sites for progesterone mediate calcium uptake in human sperm.. The Journal of biological chemistry 266 (28) , pp. 18655-9.
Becker, D., Beebe, S. J. and Herlyn, M. (1990). Differential expression of protein kinase C and cAMP-dependent protein kinase in normal human melanocytes and malignant melanomas.. Oncogene 5 (8) , pp. 1133-9.
Beebe, S. J., Oyen, O., Sandberg, M., Frøysa, A., Hansson, V. and Jahnsen, T. (1990). Molecular cloning of a tissue-specific protein kinase (C gamma) from human testis--representing a third isoform for the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase.. Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.) 4 (3) , pp. 465-75.
Blackmore, P. F., Beebe, S. J., Danforth, D. R. and Alexander, N. (1990). Progesterone and 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone. Novel stimulators of calcium influx in human sperm.. The Journal of biological chemistry 265 (3) , pp. 1376-80.
Beebe, S. J., Segaloff, D. L., Burks, D., Beasley-Leach, A., Limbird, L. E. and Corbin, J. D. (1989). Evidence that cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase activation causes pig ovarian granulosa cell differentiation, including increases in two type II subclasses of this kinase.. Biology of reproduction 41 (2) , pp. 295-307.
Oyen, O., Eskild, W., Beebe, S. J., Hansson, V. and Jahnsen, T. (1988). Biphasic response to 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) at the messenger ribonucleic acid level for a regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase.. Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.) 2 (11) , pp. 1070-6.
Beebe, S. J., Beasley-Leach, A. and Corbin, J. D. (1988). cAMP analogs used to study low-Km, hormone-sensitive phosphodiesterase.. Methods in enzymology 159 , pp. 531-40.
Corbin, J. D., Cobb, C. E., Beebe, S. J., Granner, D. K., Koch, S. R., Gettys, T. W., Blackmore, P. F., Francis, S. H. and Wells, J. N. (1988). Mechanism and function of cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases.. Advances in second messenger and phosphoprotein research 21 , pp. 75-86.
Corbin, J. D., Gettys, T. W., Blackmore, P. F., Beebe, S. J., Francis, S. H., Glass, D. B., Redmon, J. B., Sheorain, V. S. and Landiss, L. R. (1988). Purification and assay of cAMP, cGMP, and cyclic nucleotide analogs in cells treated with cyclic nucleotide analogs.. Methods in enzymology 159 , pp. 74-82.
Beebe, S. J., Blackmore, P. F., Chrisman, T. D. and Corbin, J. D. (1988). Use of synergistic pairs of site-selective cAMP analogs in intact cells.. Methods in enzymology 159 , pp. 118-39.
Beebe, S. J., Koch, S. R., Chu, D. T., Corbin, J. D. and Granner, D. K. (1987). Regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene transcription in H4IIE hepatoma cells: evidence for a primary role of the catalytic subunit of 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase.. Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.) 1 (9) , pp. 639-47.
Gettys, T. W., Blackmore, P. F., Redmon, J. B., Beebe, S. J. and Corbin, J. D. (1987). Short-term feedback regulation of cAMP by accelerated degradation in rat tissues.. The Journal of biological chemistry 262 (1) , pp. 333-9.
Beebe, S. J., Redmon, J. B., Blackmore, P. F. and Corbin, J. D. (1985). Discriminative insulin antagonism of stimulatory effects of various cAMP analogs on adipocyte lipolysis and hepatocyte glycogenolysis.. The Journal of biological chemistry 260 (29) , pp. 15781-8.
Corbin, J. D., Beebe, S. J. and Blackmore, P. F. (1985). cAMP-dependent protein kinase activation lowers hepatocyte cAMP.. The Journal of biological chemistry 260 (15) , pp. 8731-5.
Robinson-Steiner, A. M., Beebe, S. J., Rannels, S. R. and Corbin, J. D. (1984). Microheterogeneity of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase in various mammalian species and tissues.. The Journal of biological chemistry 259 (16) , pp. 10596-605.
Beebe, S. J. and Corbin, J. D. (1984). Rat adipose tissue cAMP-dependent protein kinase: a unique form of type II.. Molecular and cellular endocrinology 36 (1-2) , pp. 67-78.
Beebe, S. J., Holloway, R., Rannels, S. R. and Corbin, J. D. (1984). Two classes of cAMP analogs which are selective for the two different cAMP-binding sites of type II protein kinase demonstrate synergism when added together to intact adipocytes.. The Journal of biological chemistry 259 (6) , pp. 3539-47.
Beebe, S. J., Reimann, E. M. and Schlender, K. K. (1984). Purification and characterization of a cAMP- and Ca2+-calmodulin-independent glycogen synthase kinase from porcine renal cortex.. The Journal of biological chemistry 259 (3) , pp. 1415-22.
Schlender, K. K., Beebe, S. J., Willey, J. C., Lutz, S. A. and Reimann, E. M. (1980). Isolation and characterization of cyclic AMP-independent glycogen synthase kinase from rat skeletal muscle.. Biochimica et biophysica acta 615 (2) , pp. 324-40.

Presentations

Schoenbach, K. H., Xiao, S., Camp, J. T., Migliaccio, M., Beebe, S. J. and Baum, C. E. ( 2009). Wideband, High-Amplitude, Pulsed Antennas for Medical Therapies and Medical Imaging ICEAA'09 Torino, Italy.
Camp, J. T., Xiao, S., Beebe, S. J., Blackmore, P. F. and Schoenbach, K. H. (June , 2009). Bioelectric Studies with Subnanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference (PPC2009) Washington DC.
Kolb, J. F., Chen, X., Zhuang, J., Ren, W., Swanson, R. J., Beebe, S. J. and Schoenbach, K. H. (June , 2009). Exposure conditions for the treatment of solid tumors with nanosecond pulsed electric fields BioElectrics International Symposium Columbia, Missouri.
Swanson, R. J., Zhang, Y., Sonenshine, D. E., Osgood, C. J., Beebe, S. J. and Schoenbach, K. H. (August , 2008). Hatching and death rates of nematode Caenorhabditis elegans post-nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF) 1st International Conference for Invertebrate Morphology Copenhagen, Denmark.
Schoenbach, K. H., Xiao, S., Camp, T., Kolb, J. F., Joshi, R. and Beebe, S. J. (July , 2007). From Submicrosecond to Subnanosecond Pulses-Entering a New Domain of Electric Field-Cell Interactions URSI 2007, North America Radio Science Meeting Ottawa, Canada.
Schoenbach, K. H., Katsuki, S., Akiyama, H., Heeren, T., Kolb, J. F., Xiao, S., Camp, T., Joshi, R., Osgood, C. J., Nuccitelli, R. and Beebe, S. J. (May , 2006). Biological Effects of Intense Subnanosecond Electrical Pulses Conf. Record of the 2006 IEEE Power Modulator Conference Washington DC.