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Vinod Agarwal

Vinod Agarwal


PROFESSOR
Strome College of Business

Contact Information


2061 CONSTANT HALL
NORFOLK, VA 23529

Email: vagarwal@odu.edu

Phone: 757-683-3526

Education/Credentials



  • Articles

    Driscoll, D. L., Cuellar, A. E., Agarwal, V., Jones, D., Dunkenberger, M. B., and Hosig, K. Promoting sustainable responses to the US opioid epidemic with community-academic partnerships: qualitative outcomes from a statewide program.. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
    Agarwal, V. B., Koch, J. V., and McNab, R. M. Airbnb's Success: Does It Depend on Who is Measuring. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly
    Agarwal, V., Koch, J. V., and McNab, R. (2019). Differing Views of Lodging Reality: Airdna, Smith Travel Research, and Airbnb. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 60 (3), pp. 193-199.
    Agarwal, V., Kalburgi, V., Pritchard, J., and Yochum, G. R. (2014). Developing a Home Price Index for a Large Metropolitan Area. Virginia Economic Journal, 19 (2014), pp. 37-49.
    Agarwal, V., Anderson, E., Yochum, G. R., and Sun, Q. (2007). Class Attendance and Student Performance. Virginia Economic Journal (47-58),
    Yochum, G. R., Agarwal, V., and Isakovski, T. (2004). Impact of Banking Changes on Hampton Roads, Commonwealth of Virginia, and North Carolina. Virginia Social Science Journal, 39, pp. 37-54.
    Agarwal, V., Yochum, G. R., and (2004). Impact of Banking Changes on Hampton Roads, Commonwealth of Virginia, and North Carolina. Virginia Social Science Journal, 39 (Winter 2004), pp. 37-54.
    Agarwal, V., Yochum, G. R., and Isakovski, T. (2002). A Case Study of Virginia Beach Hotels: An Analysis of Smith Travel Research Occupancy Estimates. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 43 (2), pp. 9–17.
    Agarwal, V., Yochum, G. R., and Isakovski, T. (2002). An analysis of Smith Travel Research occupancy estimates: a case study of Virginia Beach Hotels. The Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 43 (2), pp. 9–17.
    Agarwal, V., and Yochum, G. R. (2000). The academic labor market for new Ph. Ds in business disciplines. The Journal of Business and Economic Studies, 6 (2), pp. 1.
    Agarwal, V., Yochum, G. R., and others (1999). Determinants of tourist spending.. Consumer psychology of tourism, hospitality and leisure. pp. 311–330.
    Agarwal, V., and Yochum, G. R. (1999). Tourist spending and race of visitors. Journal of travel research, 38 (2), pp. 173–176.
    Agarwal, V., and Yochum, G. R. (1998). Tourism and advertising: Evidence from Virginia beach. International Advances in Economic Research, 4 (4), pp. 384–397.
    Agarwal, V., and Prather, L. J. (1997). Economic rents and mutual fund performance: An empirical investigation. Journal of Economics and Finance, 21 (2), pp. 67–73.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1995). The economic impact and rate of return of Virginia’s ports on the commonwealth. Norfolk, VA: Old Dominion University. tion in management, performed the aviation case study. He will be seeking employment in the transportation sector in Saudi Arabia
    Agarwal, V., and Huang, W. (1991). Cross Sectional Analysis of Indirect Professional Immigration to the United States, 1964–1974. International Migration, 29 (3), pp. 445–461.
    Agarwal, V. (1990). Immigration of Engineers, Scientists, and Physicians and the US High Technology Renaissance-A Comment. Social science quarterly, 71 (1), pp. 196.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1988). Permanent Labor Certifications for Alien Professionals, 1975-1982. International Migration Review pp. 265–281.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1987). Economic impact of a port on a regional economy: note. Growth and Change, 18 (3), pp. 74–87.
    Agarwal, V., and Yochum, G. R. (1987). The Eilberg Act, new seed immigration, and professional labor markets. Economics of Education Review, 6 (3), pp. 275–283.
    Talley, W. K., Agarwal, V., and Breakfield, J. W. (1986). Economies of density of ocean tanker ships. Journal of transport economics and policy pp. 91–99.
    Agarwal, V., and Winkler, D. R. (1985). Foreign demand for United States higher education: a study of developing countries in the eastern hemisphere. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 33 (3), pp. 623–644.
    Agarwal, V., and Winkler, D. R. (1985). Migration of foreign students to the United States. The Journal of Higher Education, 56 (5), pp. 509–522.
    Agarwal, V., and Deacon, R. T. (1985). Price controls, price dispersion and the supply of refined petroleum products. Energy economics, 7 (4), pp. 210–219.
    Agarwal, V., and Morgan, W. D. (1985). The California Case The Interindustry Effects of Tax and Expenditure Limitations. Growth and Change, 16 (2), pp. 3–11.
    Agarwal, V., and Talley, W. K. (1985). The demand for international air passenger service provided by US air carriers. International Journal of Transport Economics/Rivista internazionale di economia dei trasporti pp. 63–70.
    Agarwal, V., PHILLIPS, R. A., and Talley, W. K. (1985). THE DOMESTIC DEMAND FOR AIRMAIL SERVICE BY THE US POSTAL SERVICE. Transportation Research Record (1012),
    Agarwal, V., and Philips, R. A. (1985). The Effects of Assumption Financing Across Housing Price Categories. Real Estate Economics, 13 (1), pp. 48–57.
    Agarwal, V., and Winkler, D. R. (1985). United States immigration policy and indirect immigration of professionals. Economics of Education Review, 4 (1), pp. 1–16.
    Agarwal, V., and Winkler, D. R. (1984). Migration of professional manpower to the United States. Southern Economic Journal pp. 814–830.
    Agarwal, V., and Phillips, R. A. (1984). Mortgage Rate Buydowns: Further Evidence. Housing Finance Review, 3 (2), pp. 191–197.
    Agarwal, V., and PHILLIPS, R. A. (1984). Mortgage Rate Buydowns: Implications for Housing Price Indexes. Social Science Quarterly, 65 (3), pp. 868.
    Agarwal, V. (1983). Foreign Students’ Demand for United States Higher Education. Eastern Economic Journal, 9 (4), pp. 309–323.
    Agarwal, V., and Phillips, R. A. (1983). The Effect of Mortgage Rate Buydowns on Housing Prices. Real Estate Economics, 11 (4), pp. 491–503.
  • Books

    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1997). 1996 Virginia Beach Tourism Economic Impact Study. Bureau of Research, College of Business and Public Administration, Old Dominion University.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1997). The Economic Impact and Rate of Return of Virginia’s Ports on the Commonwealth, 1995. College of Business & Public Administration, Old Dominion University.
    Agarwal, V., and Yochum, G. R. (1995). Economic Impact of Eastern Virginia Medical School on Hampton Roads. College of Business and Public Administration, Old Dominion University.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1990). Summer 1990 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile. Bureau of Research, College of Business and Public Administration, Old Dominion University.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1989). An Economic Evaluation of Tourism Advertising Expenditures. Bureau of Research, College of Business and Public Administration, Old Dominion University.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1988). 1988 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile. Bureau of Research, College of Business and Public Administration, Old Dominion University.
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (1986). The Economic Impact of Virginia’s Ports on the Commonwealth: 1984. Maritime Trade and Transport, School of Business Administration, Old Dominion University.
    Silberman, J. I., Yochum, G. R., Agarwal, V., and Phillips, R. A. (1984). Economic Analysis of the Atlantic Avenue Beautification Project. Old Dominion University Research Foundation.
  • Book Chapters

    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2021). A Recovery at Different Speeds: Virginia's Metropolitan Areas.State of the Commonwealth Report 2021
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2021). Bounce back? The pandemic and tourism in Virginia.State of the Commonwealth Report
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2021). Inflection Point? COVID-19, Vaccines, and the Recovery.State of the Commonwealth Report 2021
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2021). Bounce back? The pandemic and tourism in Hampton Roads.State of the Region Report
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2021). Shock and Awe? COVID-19, Vaccines, and the Recovery.State of the Region Report 2021
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2020). COVID-19 and the Commonwealth.State of the Commonwealth Report 2020
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2020). A Shock to the System: COVID-19 and Hampton Roads.State of the Region Report 2020
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2019). Virginia's Growth Improves in Uncertain Times.State of the Commonwealth Report 2019
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2019). Virginia's Metropolitan Areas: Moving Forward.State of the Commonwealth Report 2019
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2019). Full speed ahead: The economy continues to improve.State of the Region Report
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2018). Is it morning again in Hampton Roads?.State of the Region Report
    Agarwal, V., McNab, R., and Komarek, T. M. (2018). The economic impact of a hurricane in Hampton Roads.State of the Region Report
    Agarwal, V. B., McNab, R., and Hansz, J. (2018). Too much of a Good Thing? multifamily housing in Hampton Roads.State of the region Report. Virginia beach:
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2017). Airbnb Rising: Short-Term Rentals and the "Gig Economy".James V. Koch and Robert McNab (Ed.), The State of the Commonwealth 2017 (pp. 80-109). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2017). Airbnb in Virginia Beach.James V. Koch and Robert Mcnab(Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2017 (pp. 53-71). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2017). Have We Turned the Economic Corner?.James V. Koch and Robert Mcnab(Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2017 (pp. 3-51). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V. (2017). Economic Trends/Forecasting.Hampton Roads Real Estate Market Review 2017 (pp. 13-15). Norfolk, VA: E.V. Williams Center for Real Estate.
    Agarwal, V. (2016). The Hotel Industry in the Commonwealth.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Commonwealth 2016 (pp. 58-79). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V. (2016). Will Robots take Your Job? A Look at Virginia’s Opportunities And Vulnerabilities.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Commonwealth 2016 (pp. 80-95). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2016). Life in the Slower Lane: The Hampton Roads Economy.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2016 (pp. 3-42). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (2016). The Hotel Industry: The United States, Virginia, and Hampton Roads.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2016 (pp. 43-76). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V. (2016). Will Robots take Your Job? A Look at Virginia’s Opportunities And Vulnerabilities.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2016 (pp. 141-156). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V. (2016). Economic Trends/Forecasting.Hampton Roads Real Estate Market Review 2017 (pp. 14-16). Norfolk, VA: E.V. Williams Center for Real Estate.
    Agarwal, V. (2015). Running in Place? Our "So-So" Regional Economy.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2015 (pp. 3-40). Norfolk, VA: Center for Economic Analysis and Policy.
    Agarwal, V. (2014). Rebounding, Albeit Slowly.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2014 (pp. 3-40). Norfolk, VA: Regional Studies Institute.
    Agarwal, V., and Wagner, G. (2013). Coal: A very Important Economic Engine in Hampton Roads. (pp. 57-73). Norfolk, VA: Regional Studies Institue.
    Agarwal, V. (2013). It Could have been (Much) Worse.James V. Koch (Ed.), The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2013 (pp. 3-36). Norfolk, VA: Regional Studies Institute.
    Agarwal, V. (2013). Our Housing Market Turns the Corner. (pp. 37-56). Norfolk, VA: Regional Studies Institute.
  • Presentations

    Agarwal, V. (February 25, 2022). 2022 Hampton Rods Economic Forecast Oral Presentation presented at Tidewater Chapter of the VSCPA and Institute of Internal Auditors Virtual.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (January 26, 2022). Reginal Economic Forecast for 2022 Oral Presentation presented at 2022 Annual Economic Forecast Luncheon Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (November 9, 2021). Covid-19 and Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Chesapeake Business Alliance Chesapeake.
    Agarwal, V. (September 20, 2021). Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Hampton Roads Realtor's Association Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (June 11, 2021). Regional Economic Forecast for 2021 Oral Presentation presented at 2021 Mid Year Economic Forecast Newport News, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (April 28, 2021). Covid-19 and Its Impact on the Economy Oral Presentation presented at Mid Atlantic Capital Sources Virtual Forum Virtual.
    Agarwal, V. (March 30, 2021). Covid-19 and Prospects for the Regional Economy Oral Presentation presented at Hampton Roads Appraisal Institute Virtual.
    Agarwal, V. B. (March 9, 2021). Economic Trends Oral Presentation presented at Real Estate Market Review Virtual.
    Agarwal, V. (February 19, 2021). Covid-19 and Its Impact on the Economy Oral Presentation presented at Tidewater Chapter of the VSCPA and Institute of Internal Auditors Virtual.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (January 27, 2021). Reginal Economic Forecast for 2021 Oral Presentation presented at 2021 Annual Economic Forecast Luncheon Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (November 18, 2020). Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V. (November 18, 2020). Update on Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Tidewater Chapter of the VSCPA and Institute of Internal Auditors Virtual.
    Agarwal, V. (September 23, 2020). Impact of COVID-19 on Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at HR ACRE Virtual.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (August 12, 2020). Regional Economic Forecast for 2020 Oral Presentation presented at 2020 Mid Year Economic Forecast Virtual.
    Agarwal, V. B. (March 10, 2020). Economic Trends Oral Presentation presented at Real Estate Market Review Norfolk.
    Agarwal, V. (March 4, 2020). Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Tidewater Chapter of the VSCPA and Institute of Internal Auditors Norfolk.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (January 29, 2020). Reginal Economic Forecast for 2020 Oral Presentation presented at 2020 Annual Economic Forecast Luncheon Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (December 12, 2019). Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Financial Educators of Hampton Roads Round Table Meeting Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V. (December 5, 2019). Economic Impact of Something in the Water Oral Presentation presented at Virginia Beach Resort Advisory Commission Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V. (November 21, 2019). Economic Impact of Something in the Water Oral Presentation presented at Virginia Beach Hotel Association Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V. (November 6, 2019). Economic Impact of Something in the Water Oral Presentation presented at Chief Administrative Officers of Hampton Roads Norfolk.
    Agarwal, V. (September 11, 2019). Economic Impact of Something in the Water Oral Presentation presented at Virginia Beach City Council Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V. (August 29, 2019). Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Rotary Club Suffolk Suffolk.
    Agarwal, V. (July 17, 2019). 2019 Hampton Roads Mid year Economic Forecast Oral Presentation presented at Rotary Club Virginia beach Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (May 21, 2019). Regional Economic Forecast for 2019 Oral Presentation presented at 2019 Mid Year Economic Forecast Virtual.
    Agarwal, V. (March 27, 2019). Hampton Roads Economy in 2019 Oral Presentation presented at AAHOA DC Region Newport News.
    Agarwal, V. (March 20, 2019). Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V. B. (March 13, 2019). Economic Trends Oral Presentation presented at Real Estate Market Review Norfolk.
    Agarwal, V. (February 13, 2019). National and Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Financial Planners Association Virginia Beach, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 8, 2019). 2019 Annual Economic Forecast Oral Presentation presented at Tidewater Chapter of the VSCPA and Institute of Internal Auditors Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 7, 2019). 2019 Annual Economic Forecast Oral Presentation presented at Southern Bank Advisory Board Norfolk.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (January 30, 2019). Reginal Economic Forecast for 2019 Oral Presentation presented at 2019 Annual Economic Forecast Luncheon Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 14, 2018). National and Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Financial Planners Association Virginia Beach, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 13, 2018). National and Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Atlantic Bay Mortgage Group Virginia Beach, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 7, 2018). 2018 National and Regional Economic Forecast Oral Presentation presented at Tidewater Chapter of the VSCPA and Institute of Internal Auditors Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V., and McNab, R. (January 31, 2018). Reginal Economic Forecast for 2018 Oral Presentation presented at 2018 Annual Economic Forecast Luncheon Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (January 16, 2018). Hampton Roads Economy and Residential Housing Market Oral Presentation presented at Hampton Roads Chapter of Appraisal Institute Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V., and Filer II, L. H. (May, 2017). Regional Economic Forecast for 2017 Oral Presentation presented at 2017 Economic Forecast Newport News, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 15, 2017). Hampton Roads Economy Oral Presentation presented at Atlantic Bay Mortgage Group Virginia Beach, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 14, 2017). Regional Economic Forecasting for Small Business in 2017 Keynote/Plenary Address presented at Virginia Asian Chamber of Commerce Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (February 1, 2017). 2017 National and Regional Economic Forecast Oral Presentation presented at Tidewater Chapter of the VSCPA and Institute of Internal Auditors Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V., and Filer II, L. H. (January 25, 2017). Reginal Economic Forecast for 2017 Oral Presentation presented at 2017 Annual Economic Forecast Luncheon Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V. (January 17, 2017). Hampton Roads Economy and Residential Housing Market Oral Presentation presented at Hampton Roads Chapter of Appraisal Institute Norfolk, VA.
    Agarwal, V., and Filer II, L. H. (April, 2016). Regional Economic Forecast for 2016 Oral Presentation presented at 2016 Economic Forecast Newport News, VA.
    Agarwal, V., and Filer II, L. H. (January, 2016). Regional Economic Forecast for 2016 Oral Presentation presented at 2016 Economic Forecasting Luncheon Norfolk, VA.
    Koch, J. V., Agarwal, V., and Komarek, T. M. (2015). State of The Region Report Oral Presentation presented at 16th Annual State of the Region Report Norfolk,VA .
    Koch, J. V., Agarwal, V., and Komarek, T. M. (October, 2015). State of the Region Report presented at 16th Annual State of the Region Report Hampton, VA.
    Koch, J. V., Agarwal, V., and Komarek, T. M. (October, 2015). State of the Region Report Oral Presentation presented at 16th Annual State of the Region Report Virginia Beach.
    Agarwal, V., Pritchard, J., Kalburgi, V., Yochum, G. R., and (March, 2014). A Home Price Index for a Large Metropolitan Area Oral Presentation presented at Eastern Economic Association Boston, MA.
    Agarwal, V., Pritchard, j., Kalburgi, V., and Yochum, G. R. (March, 2013). Developing a Home price Index for a Large Metropolitan Area Oral Presentation presented at Virginia Economic Association Richmond, VA.
    Agarwal, V., and Yochum, G. R. (March, 2007). The Economy of Hampton Roads presented at Virginia Economic Association 2007 Conference .
    Yochum, G. R., and Agarwal, V. (2006). The Economy of Hampton Roads presented at Virginia Economic Association .
    Agarwal, V., Anderson, E., Yochum, G. R., and Sun, Q. (March, 2006). Class attendance and Student Performance presented at Virginia Economic Association 2006 Conference .
    Agarwal, V., and Yochum, G. R. (October, 2005). The Economy of Virginia presented at Virginia’s Future Committee Richmond.
    Yochum, G. R., Agarwal, V., and Isakovski, T. (December 16, 2003). The Impact of Banking Changes on Hampton Roads and Virginia presented at International Atlantic Economic Conference Vienna, Austria.
  • 2021: Selected in The Power List/Emeritus , Inside Business
  • 2020: Selected in The Power List/Emeritus , Inside Business
  • 2019: Selected in the Power List of top 100 People in Hampton Roads, Inside Business
  • 2018: Selected in the Power List of top 75 People in Hampton Roads, Inside Business
  • 2017: Selected in The Power List of top 75 People in Hampton Roads , Inside Business
  • 2016: Selected in The Power List of top 75 People in Hampton Roads , Inside Business
  • 2015: Selected in The Power List of top 75 People in Hampton Roads , Inside Business
  • 2014: Selected in The Power List of top 75 People in Hampton Roads , Inside Business
  • Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

    Agarwal, V.; McNab, R. "Biennial Update to Economic Growth and Diversification Plan" $25,000. Local. October, 2021 - December, 2021
    Yochum, G. R. "2010 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile and 2010 Virginia beach Tourism Economic Impact Study" $96,048. January, 2010 - February, 2011
    Yochum, G. R. "2009 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile and 2009 Virginia beach Tourism Economic Impact Study" $77,273. 2009 - 2010
    Yochum, G. R. "2008 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile and 2008 Virginia beach Tourism Economic Impact Study" $53,599. 2008 - 2009
    Yochum, G. R. "Summer 2007 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile and 2007 Virginia beach Tourism Economic Impact Study" $47,570. June, 2007 - December, 2008
    Yochum, G. R.; Agarwal, V. "The Economic Impact of Tourism in Virginia Beach and the Summer Visitor Profile" . Old Dominion University. June, 2007 - April, 2008
    Agarwal, V.; Yochum, G. R. "2005 Virginia Beach Tourism Economic Impact Study" . April, 2005 - 2006
    Agarwal, V.; Yochum, G. R. "Estimate the Economic Impact on the Commonwealth and Local Cities and the Rate of return of Virginia Ports" $181,281. February, 2006 - October, 2006
    Yochum, G. R.; Najand, M. S.; Agarwal, V. "Forecasting Economic Activity in Hampton Roads" . Old Dominion University. January, 2006
    Agarwal, V.; Yochum, G. R. "Summer 2004 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile" . April, 2004 - 2005
    Yochum, G. R.; Agarwal, V. "Summer 2005 Virginia Beach Overnight Visitor Profile" . April, 2005