Mary Payne Hogan Distinguished Professor Of Botany & Eminent Scholar
Biological Sciences

Lytton John Musselman

304 Mills Godwin Bldg
Norfolk, 23529

Ph.D. in Botany, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (1974)

M.S. in Botany, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, (1968)

B.A. in Biology, Beloit College, (1965)

Expertise

Biology
Mushrooms / Bible Plants / Wetland Plants / Ecology of Bible Lands/ Fire Ecology/Plants of the Qu'ran/Parasitic Plants
Plants
Mushrooms / Bible Plants / Wetland Plants / Ecology of Bible Lands/ Fire Ecology/Plants of the Qu'ran/Parasitic Plants

Research Interests

Taxonomy, ecology, evolution and control of parasitic weeds, especially Striga in the African Sahel and Orobanche and Cuscuta in the Middle East.Systematics and ecology of quillworts (Isoetes, Pteridophyta) in the southern United States, western Asia (with particular emphasis on Turkey, Syria, and Lebanon), and southern Africa.Plants of the Bible and Qur'an.Ecology and systematics of the Hydroraceae.Floristics of Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria.Ethnobotany, especially of edible North American plants.

Articles

Bray, R. D. (2018). Interesting, Provocative, and Enigmatic: Morphological Observations on Southeastern Quillworts (Isoetes Isoetaceae, Lycopodiophyta). Castanea 83 (2) , pp. 263-269.
Schafran, P. (2016). Isoetes mississippiensis: A new quillwort from Mississippi, USA. PhytoKeys Isoetes mississippiensis: A new quillwort from Mississippi, USA (74) , pp. 97-106.
Keskin, M. (2014). Türkiye'nin Çimeğreltisi [Isoetes L. (Isoetaceae)] türleri. Bağbahçe Bilim Dergisi 1 (2) , pp. 1-­‐13.
Bolin, J. F. (2011). A New Species of Diploid Quillwort (Isoetes, Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) from Lebanon. Novon. Missouri Botanical Garden 21 , pp. 295-298.
Alarid, K. (2011). Microspore wall morphogenesis of Isoetes piedmontana. International Journal of Plant Science 172 (7).
Bolin, J. F. (2010). Host specific germination of the root holoparasite Hydnora triceps (Hydnoraceae). Botany 87 (12) , pp. 1250-1254.
Musselman, L. J. (2010). Isoetes duriei in Lebanon. American Fern Journal 99 (4) , pp. 333-334.
Chak, W. H. (2010). The first report about dodders, the angiosperm parasitic genus Cuscuta (Yuncker) in Brunei Darussalam: A mystifying occurrence. Folia Malaysiana 11 (1) , pp. 13-24.
Bolin, J. F. (2009). Pollination biology of Hydnora Africana Thunb. (Hyndoraceae) in Namibia: Brood-site mimicry with insect imprisonment. International Journal of Plant Science 170 , pp. 157-163.
Musselman, L. J. (2008). New infestation of branched broomrape Orobanche ramosa L. (Orobanaceae) on black medic (Medicago lupulina L.) (Fabaceae) in Virginia. Plant Disease 92 (2) , pp. 315.
Bolin, J. F. (2008). The genus Isoetes L. (Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) in South-Western Asia. Turkish Journal of Botany 32 , pp. 447-457.
Tennakoon, K. U. (2007). Structural attributes of the hypogeous holoparasite Hydnora triceps Drege & Meyer (Hydnoraceae). American Journal of Botany 94 (9) , pp. 1439-1449.
Al-Zein, M. (2006). A western Asian genus honoring a North American pioneer botanist. Castanea Occasional Papers 2 , pp. 200-205.
Musselman, L. J. (2006). The botanical activities of George Edward Post (1838-1909). Archives of Natural History 33 (2) , pp. 282-301.
Maass, E. (2004). Hydnora triceps (Hydnoraceae) - First record in Namibia and first description of fruits. Dinteria 29 , pp. 1-10.
Musselman, L. J. (2004). The types of George Edward Post in Beirut and Geneva. Turkish Journal of Botany 28 , pp. 155-160.

Books

Leopold, D. J. (2020). Wildflowers of the Adirondacks .
. (2013). Parasitic Orobanchaceae Parasitic mechanisms and control strategies. Springer-Verlad.
Musselman, L. J. (2013). The Quick Guide to Wild Edible Plants Easy to Pick, Easy to Prepare. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Musselman, L. J. (2012). Plants of Chesapeake Bay—An Illustrated Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Musselman, L. J. (2011). Dictionary of Bible Plants. Cambridge University Press.
Musselman, L. J. (2007). Figs and Dates, Laurel and Myyrh: Plants of the Bible and Quran. Timber Press.

Book Chapters

Mohamed, K. Ibrahim. (2019). Striga. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Edited by Flora of North America Volume 17 Magnoliophyta: Tetrachondraceae to Orobanchaceae. (pp. Pages 508-510) Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nickrent, D. Lee. (2016). Parasitic Plants Pages 266-288 Chapter 17 in: Plant Pathology Concepts and Laboratory Exercises. (pp. 266-288) Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
(2016). Plants of the Holy Bible and the Holy Qur’an Pflanzen der Heiligen Bücher Bibel und Koran (pp. 19-20) Bonn: Bundesamt für Naturschutz.
Mohamed, K. I. (2007). Genetic Diversity of Striga and Implications for Control and Modeling Future Distributions DistributionsIntegrating New Technologies for Striga Control: Towards Ending the Witch-Hunt (pp. 71-84) World Publishing Co.
Yoder, J. I. (2006). Striga: A Subterranean Parasitic Angiosperm (Witchweed) Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science New York: Taylor and Francis.
Musselman, L. J. (2006). Striga: Flora of Somalia Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew (pp. 287-289).
Musselman, L. J. (2004). Cuscutaceae Flowering Plants of the Neotropics (pp. 187-188) New York: New York Botanical Garden.
Musselman, L. J. (2004). Hydnoraceae Flowering Plants of the Neotropics (pp. 187-188) New York Botanical Garden.

Presentations

Musselman, L. John. (November 27, 2019). Managing striga weed and other parasitic weeds Oral Presentation Best Practices for Improving Nutrition in Highland Areas Kigali, Rwanda.
Musselman, L. John. (November 21, 2019). Parasitic Plants Lecture Virginia Native Plant Society Williamsburg.
Schafran, P. W. (April 5, 2019). Demographic and spatial analysis of Blackwater Ecologic Preserve (Isle of Wight Co, VA) provides insight into the origin of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) stands Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Memphis, Tennessee.
Schafran, P. W. (April 5, 2019). High-throughput flow cytometry and DNA sequencing identifies over 20 potential new species of Isoetes (Isoetaceae, Lycopodiophyta) in the southeastern US Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Memphis, Tennessee.
Heyd, L. Z. (April 5, 2019). Sporophyll anatomy differences among four Isoetes species Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Memphis, Tennessee.
Musselman, L. J. (February 12, 2019). Holy Botany: Plants of the Bible Lecture Fort Worth, Texas.
Musselman, L. John. (November 14, 2018). Parasitic Plants in African Agriculture: A growing problem Oral Presentation ECHO International Agriculture Conference Fort Myers, Florida.
Musselman, L. John. (October 24, 2018). The Blackwater Ecologic Preserve Poster Longleaf Reflections Alexandria, Louisiana.
Musselman, L. J. (August 8, 2018). African Witchweeds and Their Relatives—Biology, Sanitation, and Control Lecture Nutrition in Dry Land Areas Arusha, Tanzania.
(April 5, 2018). An Exploration of the Ecology, Parasitism, and Control of the Root Parasite Agalinis fasciculata (Orobanchaceae) on Pinus taeda and P. elliottii Poster Association of Southeastern Biologists Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.
Flanders, N. P . (April 5, 2018). Relationships between tree density and the growth and survival of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) at Blackwater Ecological Preserve in Isle of Wight County, Virginia Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.
Schafran, P. W. (April 5, 2018). The Isoetes flaccida complex in the southeastern United States: unrecognized species diversity in southern Georgia and northern Florida Poster Association of Southeastern Biologists Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.
Musselman, L. J. (April 5, 2018). The native root hemiparasite Agalinis fasciculata damages commercial pine plantations Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.
Schafran, P. W. (April 5, 2018). Unexpected genetic diversity in polyploid Isoetes revealed with PacBio DNA sequencing Peter Schafran Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.
Flanders, N. P. (June 28, 2017). The role of generalist avian frugivores in determining the distribution of the mistletoe Phoradendron leucarpum Oral Presentation 14th World Congress on Parasitic Plants Asilomar, Monterey, California.
Schafran, P. W . (November 2, 2016). Restoration and maintenance of the Northernmost Longleaf Pine Community, Blackwater Ecological Preserve, Isle of Wight Co., VA Poster Longleaf Alliance Savannah, Georgia.
Musselman, L. John. (October 18, 2016). Native Plants for Cordials and Aperitifs Oral Presentation Native Plants for Cordials and Aperitifs Norfolk, Virginia .
Musselman, L. John. (October 14, 2016). Cordials and Aperitifs from Native Plants Oral Presentation Cordials and Aperitifs from Native Plants Hockkesin, Delaware.
Musselman, L. John. (August 23, 2016). Feel the Burn Oral Presentation Cruise, Alaska.
Musselman, L. John. (August 22, 2016). The Prophet's Pharmacy Oral Presentation Cruise, Alaska.
Musselman, L. John. (August 21, 2016). Into the Wild Oral Presentation Cruise, Alaska.
Musselman, L. John. (August 18, 2016). Plants Acting Like Animals Oral Presentation Alaska, cruise.
Musselma, L. John. (August 3, 2016). Root Parasites of Southern Forests Oral Presentation Rayonier Corporation Foresters Yule, Georgia.
Huisa, K. (August 1, 2016). Analysis of morphological and anatomical characteristics of stomata of Isoetes hyemalis Oral Presentation Botanical Society of America Savannah, Georgia.
Schafran, P. W. (August 1, 2016). Molecular phylogeny of diploid Isoetes (Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) in the southeastern United States based on low-copy nuclear markers and whole chloroplast genomes. Oral Presentation Botanical Society of America Savannah, Georgia.
Musselman, L. John. (July 30, 2016). Edible Wild Plants of Virginia Lecture Edible Wild Plants Oswego, New York.
Musselman, L. John. (June 26, 2016). Plants that Act Like Animals Lecture Virginia Master Gardener College VPI, Blacksburg, VA.
Musselman, L. John. (June 25, 2016). Edible Wild Plants of Virginia Lecture Virginia Master Gardener College VPI, Blacksburg, VA.
Musselman, L. John. (May 5, 2016). The Tree that Built Tidewater: The neglected history of longleaf pine in Virginia. Lecture The Growing Interest in Longleaf Pine--longleaf pine workshop Paul D Camp Community College, Franklin, Virginia.
Musselman, L. john. (April 2, 2016). Rhizomorphs, scales, and sporelings of Isoetes Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Concord, NC.
Schafran, P. W. (April 2, 2016). Towards a phylogeny of Isoetes in the Southeastern United States Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Concord, NC.
Flanders, N. F. (April 1, 2016). Role of generalist avian frugivores in determining the distribution of the mistletoe Phoradendron leucarpum Oral Presentation association of Southeastern Biologists concord, NC.
Musselman, L. John. (December 22, 2015). Holy Botany: Ethnobotany of the Holy Writings Lecture Atelier Tirana, Albania.
Musselman, L. John. (August 30, 2015). The Tree that Built Tidewater Oral Presentation Annual Landowner Retreat Wakefield, Virginia.
Musselman, L. John. (July 7, 2015). Taxonomy and Phylogenetics of Hydnoraceae: Recent Research Oral Presentation International Parasitic Plant Society 13th Congress Kunming, China.
Musselman, L. John. (May 27, 2015). Ethnobotany of Plants in the Holy Writings Oral Presentation Sultan Omar ‘Ali Saifuddien Centre for Islamic Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam.
Musselman, L. John. (April 3, 2015). A Review of the Taxonomy and Phylogenetics of the Hydnoraceae and a potentially new species from Oman Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Chattanooga, Tennessee .
Musselman, L. John. (November 12, 2014). The Tree that Built Tidewater--The Forgotten Role of Longleaf Pine in Virginia History Keynote/Plenary Address Conservation Forum Old Dominion University.
Musselman, L. John. (September 26, 2014). Longleaf pine Other Field Trip Blackwater Preserve.
Musselman, L. John. (May , 2014). Edible Wild Plants Other Edible Wild Plants Wilmington, Delaware.
Musselman, L. John. (May , 2014). Edible Wild Plants Lecture Oswego, New York.
Musselman, L. John. (April , 2014). Environmental Ethics in the Bible Lecture Islamic Perspectives on the Environment Doha, Qatar.
Matthews, R. A. (April 5, 2014). Isoetes snowii, a New Diploid Quillwort from the Southeastern United States Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Schafran, P. W. (April 4, 2014). Germination and Development of Hazel Dodder Cuscuta corylii (Convolvulaceae) Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Schafran, P. W. (April 4, 2014). Germination and Development of Hazel Dodder Cuscuta corylii (Convolvulaceae) Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Schafran, P. W. (April 4, 2014). In Vitro Seed Germination and Development of Calopogon pallidus (Orchidaceae) from Virginia Poster Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Musselman, L. John . (April 4, 2014). Misconceptions about Quillworts (Isoetes, Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Musselman, L. John . (April 4, 2014). Misconceptions about Quillworts (Isoetes, Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Schafran, P. W. (April 4, 2014). Systematics of the Genus Isoetes (Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) in the Southeastern United States Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Schafran, P. W. (April 4, 2014). Systematics of the Genus Isoetes (Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) in the Southeastern United States Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Musselman, L. John. (October 8, 2013). Holy Botany: Plants of the Bible Oral Presentation Brandeis University Waltham, Massachusets.
Musselman, L. John. (August , 2013). Four presentations Lecture A Prairie Home Companion cruise Cruise.
Musselman, L. John. (August , 2013). Three lectures: Deep Ecology, Why Mediterranean Herbs Burn, What Mustard Would Jesus Use? Lecture A Prairie Home Companion cruise Mediterranean .
Musselman, L. John. (July , 2013). The Role of Plants in Folklore and Religion Lecture SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Cranberry Lake, New York.
Musselman, L. John. (July 19, 2013). Quick Guide to Edible Plants Lecture Irvine Nature Center Irvine, Maryland.
Musselman, L. J. (July 13, 2013). Plants of Chesapeake Bay Lecture Adkins Arboretum Ridgely, Maryland.
Schafran, P. W. (April 6, 2012). The true identity of tuckahoe Oral Presentation Association of Southeastern Biologists University of Georgia, Athens.
Musselman, L. John. (October 11, 2011). The Strangest Plant in the World! Emirates Natural History Group Al Ein, United Arab Emirates.
Musselman, L. John. (October 5, 2011). Finding a Way Round--Plants that Eat Other Plants University of Brunei Faculty of Science, University of Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.
Musselman, L. J . (August 20, 2011). The Charm and Challenges of Bible Plant Research Silverton, OR.
Musselman, L. J. (August 3, 2011). The Strangest Plant in the World! Cranberry Lake, NY.
Musselman, L. John. (July , 2011). Three lectures on plants A Prairie Home Companion cruise Boston-Montreal.
Musselman, L. John. (June , 2011). Flora Biology of Hydnora abyssinica--New insights from southern Namibia Eleventh Congress on Parasitic Plants Martin Franca, Italy.
Musselman, L. John. (June , 2011). The Genus Hydnora in Southern Africa and Madagascar Eleventh World Congress on Parasitic Plants Martin Franca, Italy.
Musselman, L. John. (May , 2011). Parasitic Angiosperms College Seminar Sulaimani, Iraq.
Musselman, L. John. (April , 2011). Parasitic Angiosperms Spring Symposium Wilmore, KY.
Musselman, L. John. (August , 2010). Plants of the Bible Seminar Cranberry Lake Biological Station, New York.
Boley, J. F. ( 2009). Molecular phylogenetic relationships and a revised taxonomy of the holoparasitic family Hydnoraceae 9th International Parasitic Plants Symposium Izmir, Turkey.
Musselman, L. J. (October , 2009). Brunei Natural History Society Bandar Seri Begawan.
Musselman, L. J. (March , 2009). The Role of Plants in Religion and Folklore Botanical Society of Nigeria, Kano .
Musselman, L. J. (March , 2009). History of Botanical Exploration in the Middle East Flora of Iraq Sulimaniya, Iraq.
Musselman, L. J. (March , 2009). Botanical Exploration in the Middle East Flora of Iraq Organizational Meeting Twin Rivers Institute, Sulimaniya, Iraq.
Musselman, L. J. (March , 2009). Forest Management by Fire University of Sulimaniya, Sulimaniya, Iraq.
Musselman, L. J. (February , 2009). (Plenary Speaker) The Quranic Garden Quranic Garden, Doha, Qatar.
Bolin, J. F. ( 2008). Unraveling the reticulate evolutionary history of the Isoetes hyemalis complex Botanical Society of America Vancouver, Canada.
Musselman, L. J. (October , 2008). Biodiversity in the Middle East (Plenary Speaker) Aqaba, Jordan.
Bolin, J. F. ( 2007). Stable isotope and mineral relationships in the root holoparasite Hydnora (Hydnoraceae) 8th International Parasitic Plants Symposium Charlottesville, VA.
Bolin, J. F. ( 2007). Stable isotope and mineral relationships in the root holoparasite Hydnora (Hydnoraceae) Association of Southeastern Biologists Columbia, SC.
Bolin, J. F. ( 2007). Stable isotope and mineral relationships in the root holoparasite Hydnora (Hydnoraceae) Botanical Society of America Chicago, IL.
  • 2019: Meritorious Teaching Award, Association of Southeastern Biologists
  • 2014: Fulbright Specialist Program, Fulbright
  • 2014: TEDx Speaker, TEDx
  • 2004: Provost's Award for Leadership in International Education, Old Dominion University
  • 2001: Fellow, The International Parasitic Plant Society, Nantes, France
  • 1999: Partnership Award, Virginia Chapter, The Nature Conservancy
  • 1998: Induction into Phi Kappa Phi, Phi Kappa Phi
  • 1997: Fullbright Awards,
  • 1986: Faculty Research Award, Old Dominion University
  • 1986: Fullbright Awards,
  • 1982: Fullbright Awards,
  • 1972: Elected Fellow, Linnean Society of London