Associate Professor
Electrical & Computer Engineering

Lee Belfore

231-d Kaufman Hall
Norfolk, 23529

Received his BS degree in electrical engineering from Virginia Tech, his MSE Degree in electrical engineering and computer science from Princeton University, and his Ph.D. degree from the University of Virginia in 1990 in electrical engineering. His research interests include virtual reality, artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic, computer assisted medical diagnosis, and fault-tolerant computing. Dr. Belfore joined Old Dominion University as an Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering in August, 1997.

Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, University of Virginia, (1990)

Other in Electrical Engineering/Computer Science, Princeton University, (1983)

B.S. in Electrical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, (1982)

Licensed Professional Engineer, Virginia
Sponsoring Organization:
Date Obtained: 2001-01-01
Certified Modeling and Simulation Professional
Sponsoring Organization:
Date Obtained: 2002-01-01

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A. and McKenzie, F. D. "Modeling and Simulation Solutions for Advanced Surgical Skills, Augmented Patient Technologies, and Labor and Delivery" $1,399,943. Local. 2006 - 2010
Belfore II, L. A., Scerbo, M., McKenzie, F. and Shen, Y. "Medical Modeling and Simulation" $1,200,000. August 1, 2006 - July 31, 2008
Belfore II, L. A. and Sokolowski, J. "A Technology Cluster Accelerator System for Hampton Roads Virginia" $100,000. May 14, 2007 - June 30, 2008
Bliss, J. P., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Shen, Y. and McKenzie, F. D. "EVMS Modeling and Simulation Solutions for Surgery" $1,399,943. Local. 2006 - 2006
Belfore II, L. A. "JOFT/JFAST Integration" $49,952. January 1, 2006 - July 31, 2006
Belfore II, L. A., Scerbo, M. and Garcia, H. "The Virtual Operating Room" $95,000. January 1, 2006 - June 30, 2006
Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Garcia, H. M.., Jackson, M. and Weireter, L. J.. "The virtual operating room" $95,000. Old Dominion University. 2005 - 2005
Belfore II, L. A., Bowen Loftin, R., Scerbo, M. and McKenzie, F. "EVMS NCCMMS Phase III" $600,000. October 1, 2004 - December 31, 2005
Belfore II, L. A., Austin, J. and Klinck, J. "The Chesapeake Bay Interactive Modeling Project" $95,000. January 1, 2005 - June 30, 2005
Belfore II, L. A., Bowen Loftin, R., Scerbo, M. and McKenzie, F. "EVMS NCCMMS Phase II" $600,000. September 23, 2003 - September 30, 2004
Belfore II, L. A., Sokolowski, J. A.., Mielke, R. and Bowen Loftin, R. "Project Title: "Training Simulation Capabilities Devlopment for Civil Authorities (Homeland Security R&D)," $898,673. March 10, 2004 - August 30, 2004
Belfore II, L. A., Bowen Loftin, R. and Petty, M. "Development of Tools and Methods for Developing Internet Virtual Reality Applications" $60,000. August 16, 2003 - December 31, 2003
Belfore II, L. A., Bowen Loftin, R., McKenzie, F., Scerbo, M. and Bliss, J. "National Center for Collaboration in Medical Modeling and Simulation" $299,555. August 16, 2003 - December 31, 2003
Bliss, J. P., Loftin, R. B.., Scerbo, M. W. and Belfore II, L. A. "National Center for Collaboration in Medical Modeling and Simulation (Phase II)" $562,217. Federal. 2003 - 2003
Loftin, R. B.., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A. and McKenzie, F. D. "National center for collaboration in medical modeling and simulation. (Phase I)" $299,555. Local. 2003 - 2003
Belfore II, L. A. "Development of Tools and Methods for Developing Internet Virtual Reality Applications" $12,500. August 16, 2002 - December 31, 2002
Belfore II, L. A., Leathrum, J. and Mielke, R. "Cargo Logistics Modeling and Simulation" $104,650. January 1, 2002 - October 31, 2002
Mielke, R. R., Leathrum Jr, J. F. and Belfore II, L. A. "Cargo Logistics Modeling and Simulation" $475,186. Federal. October 2001 - October 2002
Belfore II, L. A. "GIFTS Data Compression Study and GIFTS Signal Modeling" $228,006. May 15, 2000 - August 15, 2002
Belfore II, L. A. "Munitions Cleanup Visualization" $25,400. May 21, 2000 - December 31, 2000
Belfore II, L. A. "GIFTS Data Compression Study" $15,000. October 1, 1999 - January 31, 2000
Belfore II, L. A. "Development of Data Compression Methodologies for FTS Imagery" $21,000. January 26, 1999 - September 30, 1999
Belfore II, L. A. "Virtual Reality Visualization for Marketing the Fairwood Homes Property" $46,459. January 1, 1998 - December 31, 1998
Belfore II, L. A. "Development of JTASC Kiosk" $33,000. November 1, 1997 - May 15, 1998
Belfore II, L. A., Moeller, A., Arkadan, A., Heinen, J., Hock, J., Niederjohn, R. and Richie, J. "Research Experience for Electrical Engineering Undergraduates" $68,470. May 1, 1992 - October 31, 1994
Belfore II, L. A. "Modeling Faculty Neural Networks" $69,162. August 1, 1991 - January 31, 1994
Belfore II, L. A. and Hoeppner, B. "Equipment Grant" $203,362. April 1992 - December 1992

Expertise

Computer Engineering
Digital system design, computer architecture, FPGA, embedded systems, low power, SoC

Articles

Adcock, A. B., Duggan, M. H., Watson, G. S. and Belfore II, L. A. (2010). The Impact of Content Area Focus on the Effectiveness of a Web-based Simulation. Blackwell Publishing.
Baydogan, E., Belfore II, L. A., Scerbo, M. W. and Saurav, M. (2009). Virtual operating room team training via computer0-based agents. International Journal of Intelligent Control and Systems 14 , pp. 115-122.
Baydogan, E., Belfore II, L. A., Scerbo, M. and Mazumdar, S. (2009). Virtual Operating Room Team Training via Computer–Based Agents. International Journal of Intelligent Control and Systems.
Adcock, A., Duggan, M. and Belfore II, L. A. (2009). Does Content Knowledge Impact the Effectiveness of a Web-based Interview Simulation. British Journal of Educational Technology.
Borahan Tumer, M., Belfore II, L. A. and Ropella, K. (2003). A Diagnosis Methodology for Continuous Time Measurements using Hierarchical Signal Representations. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics B 33 (6) , pp. 951-965.
Belfore II, L. A. and Arkadan, A. (2002). Performance Prediction of Fault Tolerant SRM Drives using Coupled Finite-Elements and GA Based ANN Models. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 17 (3) , pp. 380-384.
Belfore II, L. A., Arkadan, A. and Lenhardt, B. (2001). ANN Inverse Mapping Technique Applied to Electromagnetic Design. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 37 (5) , pp. 3584-3587.
Belfore II, L. A. (2001). An Architecture for Constructing Large VRML Worlds. Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation 18 (1) , pp. 24-40.
Belfore II, L. A. (2000). The Interactive Land Use VRML Application (ILUVA) Architecture. Journal of Computer Science and Information Management 3 (3) , pp. 27-34.
Arkadan, A. and Belfore II, L. A. (1998). Neurogenetic Characterization of Fault Tolerant Switched Reluctance Motor Drives. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 34 (5) , pp. 3612-3615.
Belfore II, L. A. and Arkadan, A. (1997). Modeling Faulted Switched Reluctance Motors Using Evolutionary Neural Networks. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 43 (2) , pp. 226-233.
Belfore II, L. A. (1996). An Artificial Neural Network Simulator with Integrated Fault Simulation Capabilities. Transactions of the Society for Computer Simulation 13 (2) , pp. 69-86.
Belfore II, L. A. and Johnson, B. W.. (1989). The Fault Tolerance of Neural Networks. International Journal of Neural Networks: Research and Applications 1 (1) , pp. 24-41.

Book Chapters

Adcock, A. B., Watson, G. S., Morrison, G. R. and Belfore II, L. A. (2010). Effective Knowledge Development in Game-Based Learning Environments: Considering Research in Design, Cognitive Science and Simulations IGI Publishing.
Belfore II, L. A. (1999). Automatic Testing (pp. 120-135) New York: Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Wiley-Interscience.
Belfore II, L. A., Johnson, B. and Aylor, J. (1988). The Design of Inherently Fault-Tolerant Systems (pp. Chapter 28 (pp. 565-583)) New York, New York: Concurrent Computations - Algorithms, Architecture, and Technology, Plenum Press.

Conference Proceeding

Anderson, B. L., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A. and Abuhamad, A. Z.. (2009). Detecting critical patterns in maternal-fetal heart rate tracings over time. Proceedings of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society 53rd Annual Meeting (pp. 1121-1125) Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors & Ergonomics Society.
Belfore II, L. A., Adcock, A. B.. and Watson, G. S.. (2009). Introducing Digital Logic and Electronics Concepts San Diego, CA: Emerging M&S Applications in Industry and Academia Symposium (EAIA'09), (SpringSim '09).
Baydogan, E., Belfore II, L. A. and Mazumdar, S. (2009). Simulation Architecture for Virtual Operating Room Training San Diego, CA: Agent-Directed Simulation Symposium (ADS'09), (SpringSim '09).
Anderson, B. L., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A. and Abuhamad, A. Z.. (2008). Detecting critical patterns in maternal-fetal heart rate signals. Proceedings of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting (pp. 1478-1482) Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors & Ergonomics Society.
Scerbo, M. W., Anderson, B. L., Belfore II, L. A. and Abuhamad, A. Z.. (2008). Monitoring simulated maternal-fetal heart rate signals. Medicine meets virtual reality (pp. 439-441) Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Garcia, H. M.., Weireter, L. J.., Jackson, M. W., Nalu, A., Baydogan, E., Bliss, J. P. and Seevinck, J. (2007). A Virtual operating room for context-relevant training. Proceedings of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society 51st Annual Meeting (pp. 507-511) Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors & Ergonomics Society.
Seevinck, J. A.., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Weireter, L. J.., Couch, J. R.., Shen, Y., McKenzie, F. D., Garcia, H. M.., Girtelschmid, S., Baydogan, E. and Schmidt, E. A.. (2006). A simulation-based training system for surgical wound debridement. Medicine meets virtual reality (pp. 491-496) Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Garcia, H. M.., Weireter, L. J.., Jackson, M., Nalu, A. and Baydogan, E. (2006). The virtual operating room. Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference (pp. 1-9) Arlington, VA: National Training and Simulation Association.
Belfore II, L. A., Mielke, R. R. and Kunam, K. C.. (2003). A Framework for Creating VRML Visualizations from Discrete Event Simulations Proceedings of the Western Multiconference.

Presentations

Anderson, B. L., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A. and Abuhamad, A. (January , 2010). When is a deceleration perceived as a late deceleration? The 10th International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare Phoenix, AZ.
Belfore II, L. A., Adcock, A. B. and Watson, G. S. ( 2009). Introducing Digital Logic Concepts in a Game-like Environment 2009 Spring Simulation Multiconference San Diego, CA.
Liu, M., Belfore II, L. A., Shen, Y. and Scerbo, M. W. (October , 2009). Uterine contraction modeling and simulation MODSIM WORLD Virginia Beach, VA.
Anderson, B. L., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A. and Abuhamad, A. (October , 2009). Detecting critical patterns in maternal-fetal heart rate tracings over time The 53rd Annual Meeting of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society San Antonio, TX.
Scerbo, M. W., Garcia, H. M.., Belfore II, L. A., Weireter Jr., L. J.., Rushing, G. D.., Jackson, M. W., Baydogan, E., Nalu, A. and Newlin, E. T.. (January , 2009). A virtual operating room for surgical teams The 9th International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare Orlando, FL.
Anderson, B. L., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A. and Abuhamad, A. (September , 2008). Detecting critical patterns in maternal-fetal heart rate signals The 52nd Annual Meeting of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society New York, NY.
Adcock, A. B., Duggan, M. H. and Belfore II, L. A. (March , 2008). Does content knowledge impact the effectiveness of a web-based simulation for communication skills? Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association New York, NY.
Scerbo, M. W., Anderson, B. L., Belfore II, L. A. and Abuhamad, A. Z.. (January , 2008). Monitoring simulated maternal-fetal heart rate signals Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 16 Long Beach, CA.
Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Garcia, H. M.., Weireter, L. J.., Jackson, M. W., Nalu, A., Baydogan, E., Bliss, J. P. and Seevink, J. (October , 2007). A virtual operating room for context relevant training 51st Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Baltimore, MD.
Belfore II, L. A., Scerbo, M. W. and Anderson, B. (September , 2007). A fetal heart rate monitor simulator MODSIM WORLD Virginia Beach, VA.
Anderson, B., Scerbo, M. W. and Belfore II, L. A. (September , 2007). Stress and workload associated with monitoring simulated maternal-fetal heart rate signals MODSIM WORLD Virginia Beach, VA.
Belfore II, L. A., Scerbo, M. W.. and Anderson, B. (September 10, 2007). A fetal heart rate monitor simulator MODSIM WORLD 2007 .
Baydogan, E., Belfore II, L. A. and Mazumdar, S. (September 10, 2007). Decoupled Agent Architecture for Virtual Operating Room Training Simulations MODSIM WORLD 2007 Norfolk, Virginia.
Mazumdar, S., Baydogan, E. and Belfore II, L. A. (September 10, 2007). OntoVOR: The Design of a Knowledge-base for a Virtual Operating Room MODSIM WORLD 2007 Norfolk, Virginia.
Anderson, B. L.., Scerbo, M. W.., Belfore II, L. A., Abuhamad, A. Z.. and Jallo, N. L.. (September 10, 2007). Stress and Workload Associated with Monitoring Simulated Maternal-Fetal Heart Rate Signals MODSIM WORLD 2007 .
Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Garcia, H. M.., Weireter, L. J.., Jackson, M., Nalu, A. and Baydogan, E. (December , 2006). The virtual operating room Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference Orlando, FL.
Seevinck, J. A.., Scerbo, M. W., Belfore II, L. A., Weireter, L. J.., Crouch, J. R.., Shen, Y., McKenzie, F. D., Garcia, H. M.., Girtelschmid, S., Baydogan, E. and Schmidt, E. A.. (January , 2006). A simulation-based training system for surgical wound debridement 14th Annual Medicine Meets Virtual Reality (MMVR) Conference Long Beach, CA.
Belfore II, L. A. (December 1, 2004). Interactive Visualizations for Urban Planning City Suffolk Planning Department .
Belfore II, L. A. (October 18, 2004). Rapid Prototyping Interactive Virtual Environments VMASC Advisory Board .
Belfore II, L. A. (June 30, 2004). ODU Robotic Senior Design Projects Hampton Roads Chapter of the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International .
Belfore II, L. A. (November 7, 2001). Internet Applications that Include Dynamically Generated 3D Content Finding Common Ground 2001 Research Day for AOL at CIT .
Belfore II, L. A. (August , 2001). The Interactive Land Use VRML Application (ILUVA), DS-RT2001 Fifth International IEEE Workshop on Distributed Simulation and Real Time Applications Cincinnati, Ohio.
Belfore II, L. A. (February 6, 2001). Former Nansemond Ordnance Depot Cleanup Visualization Former Nansemond Ordnance Depot Restoration Advisory Board Suffolk, Virginia.
  • 2003: NASA-ASEE NFFP (Langley), NASA
  • 2002: Who’s Who in Engineering Education (WWEE),
  • 2000: Elected Senior Member of the IEEE, IEEE
  • 1998: NASA-ASEE Fellow (Langley, NASA
  • 1998: Best Research Presentation, NASA-ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program (Langley)
  • 1994: Who’s Who in the Midwest, 24th Edition ,