Asociate Professor
Department of Educational Foundations & Leadership

Tony Perez PhD

2300 Education Building
Norfolk, 23529

I am an Associate Professor of Educational Psychology. My research focuses on the relations between motivation and STEM achievement and applying motivational principles to interventions designed to support STEM achievement.

Ph.D. in Educational Psychology, Temple University, (2012)

M.A. in Clinical-Counseling Psychology, La Salle University, (2003)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. and Perez, A. C. "Undergraduate Enrichment Experiences to Support Biomedical Careers: An Investigation of Underlying Psychological Mechanisms" $1,652,039. Federal. September 2016 - July 2020
Perez, A. C. "Bootstrapping Achievement and Motivation in STEM: An Integrated Cognitive-Motivational Intervention to Improve STEM Grades" $1,416,793. Federal. August 1, 2014 - December 31, 2017
Perez, A. C. "UG Enrich to Support Biomed Careers: Investigation Underlying Psychology Mechanisms" $116,317. Higher Education. September 16, 2016 - July 1, 2017

Expertise

Motivation
Identity Development
STEM Retention
Interventions
Applied Statistics
Learning

Research Interests

academic achievement motivation, identity development, interventions, academic achievement and persistence, increasing participation of underrepresented groups in STEM disciplines

Articles

Garcia-Linnenbrink, L., Wormington, S. V., Riggsbee, K. E., Perez, A. C., Ben-Eliyahu, A. and Hill, N. E. (2018). Multiple pathways to success: An examination of integrative motivational profiles among college and upper elementary students.. Journal of Educational Psychology.
Cromley, J. G., Kaplan, A. and Perez, A. C. (2017). Combined Cognitive & Motivational Supports for STEM Learning beta.
Gregory, K. H., Bol, L., Bean, T. and Perez, A. C. (2017). Community college discipline faculty’s attitudes and self-efficacy with literacy instruction in the disciplines. Journal of Behavioral and Social Sciences.
Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C. and Bergey, B. W. (2017). Workbooks for Instruction in Diagram Comprehension: High School Biology Part I.
Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C. and Kaplan, A. (2016). Undergraduate STEM achievement and retention: cognitive, motivational, and institutional factors and solutions. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1) , pp. 4–11.
Godin, E. A., Wormington, S. V., Perez, A. C., Barger, M. M., Snyder, K. E., Richman, L. Smart., Schwartz-Bloom, R. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (2015). A pharmacology-based enrichment program for undergraduates promotes interest in science. CBE-Life Sciences Education 14 (4) , pp. ar40.
Bol, L., Campbell, K. DY., Perez, T. and Yen, C. (2015). The effects of self-regulated learning training on community college students’ metacognition and achievement in developmental math courses. Community College Journal of Research and Practice 40 (6) , pp. 480–495.
Perez, A. C., Cromley, J. G.. and Kaplan, A. (2014). The role of identity development, values, and costs in college STEM retention.. Journal of Educational Psychology 106 (1) , pp. 315-329.
Cromley, J. G. ., Perez, A. C., Wills, T. W., Tanaka, J. C., McNamara Horvat, E. and Tancredi-Brice Agbenyega, E. (2013). Changes in race and sex stereotype threat among diverse STEM students: Relation to grades and retention in the majors. Contemporary Educational Psychology 38 (3) , pp. 247-258.
Cromley, J. G.., Perez, A. C., Fitzhugh, S. L., Newcombe, N. S., Wills, T. W. and Tanaka, J. C. (2013). Improving Students' Diagram Comprehension with Classroom Instruction. The Journal of Experimental Education 81 (4) , pp. 511-537.

Book Chapters

Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C. and Dai, T. (2016). Teaching introductory statistics: incorporating motivational principles Charlotte, NC: Challenges and Innovations in Educational Psychology Teaching and Learning.
Pugh, K., Linnenbrink-Garcia, L., Phillips, M. and Perez, A. C. Supporting the development of transformative experience and interest Interest in K-16 Mathematics and Science Learning and Related Activities Washington, DC: AERA.

Presentations

Perez, A. C. ( 2017). Supporting Motivation to Persist in STEM Disciplines: An Expectancy-Value Approach Oral Presentation Old Dominion University Psychology Department Colloquium Norfolk, VA.
Mara, K. R., Kaplan, A., Balsai, M. A., Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C., Dai, T. and Davidson, Y. (July , 2017). How instructors can enhance biology students’ motivation, learning, and grades through brief relevance writing and worked examples interventions Poster Annual meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Austin, TX.
Grimm, J. and Perez, A. C. (April , 2017). A longitudinal study of supplemental instruction’s impact on anatomy & physiology course performance Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference San Antonio, TX.
Asadzadeh, D. T., Perez, T. and Yuanyuan, Y. (April , 2017). Antecedents of costs: What shapes the cost perceptions of non-science majors in a science course? Paper Annual conference of the American Educational Research Association San Antonio, TX.
Cromley, J. G., Balsai, M. J., Dai, T., Davison, Y., Kaplan, A., Mara, K., Perez, A. C., Chew, E., Stine, K., Tonochi, D. A. and Williams, T. (April , 2017). Antecedents of and consequences of expectancy for success in undergraduate biology Paper The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association San Antonio, TX.
Robinson, K. A., Perez, A. C., Nuttall, A. K., Roseth, C. J. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (April , 2017). From science student to scientist: Predictors and outcomes of multiple science identity development trajectories Paper The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association San Antonio, TX..
Cromley, J. G., Kaplan, A., Tonochi, D. A., Chew, E., Stine, K., Mara, K., Balsai, M. J., Williams, T., Perez, A. C. and Davidson, Y. (April , 2017). Large gains in undergraduate biology student achievement from a combined cognitive-motivational intervention Paper The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association San Antonio.
Dai, T., Kaplan, A., Wang, Y., Perez, T., Cromley, J. g., Davidson, Y., Balsai, M. J., Mara, K. and Chew, E. (April , 2017). Pursuing the “half empty question”: Biology undergraduates’ differential engagement in a brief relevance writing intervention Paper The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association San Antonio, TX.
Davidson, Y., kaplan, A., Hartwell, M., Mara, K., Balsai, M. J., cromeley, J., Perez, A. C., Dai, T., D'Antonio, M. and Russell, D. (April , 2017). The multidimensionality and content-specificity of perceived relevance: Undergraduates' relevance constructions of evolution and organismic diversity Paper The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association San Antonio, TX..
Halpern, M., Champagne, C., Kaplan, A., Dai, T., Davidson, Y., Cromley, J., Perez, A. C., Mara, k. and Balsai, M. J. (April , 2017). Undergraduate biology students’ motivation to engage in relevance writing: An interview study. Paper The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association San Antonio, TX.
Perez, A. C., Linnebrink-Garcia, L., Schwartz-Bloom, R. and Robinson, K. (March , 2017). The effects of an early college science enrichment program on long-term science persistence Paper The Annual Meeting of the Understanding Interventions for Broadening Participation in STEM conference San Antonio, TX.
Cromley, J. G., Kaplan, A., Mara, K., Balsai, M. J., Dai, T. and Perez, A. C. (March , 2017). Large gains in undergraduate biology student achievement from a combined cognitive-motivational intervention Paper The Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness Washington, D.C.
Cromley, J. G., Kaplan, A., Perez, A. C., Dai, T., Mara, K., Davidson, Y., Balsai, M. j. and Chew, E. (April , 2016). Improving undergraduate biology learning and achievement with a combined cognitive-motivational intervention Paper The American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Washington, D.C.
Davidson, Y., Kaplan, A., Mara, K., Balsai, M. J., D'Antonio, M., Hartwell, M., Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C., Dai, T. and Richards, E. (April , 2016). The multidimensionality of perceived relevance: Science undergraduates' relevance constructions of evolution Paper The American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Washington, D.C.
Linnenbrink-Garcia, L., Perez, T., Barger, M. M., Wormington, S. V., Godin, E., Snyder, K. E., Luara Richman, L. S. and Schwartz-Bloom, R. (April , 2016). Repairing the leaky pipeline: A motivationally supportive intervention to enhance persistence in undergraduate science pathways Paper The Annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association Washington, D.C.
Perez, A. C., Cromley, J. G., Dai, T., Richards, E., Davidson, Y., Mara, K. and Balsai, M. J. (April , 2016). The combined effects of competence beliefs and opportunity cost on achievement of undergraduate biology students. Paper presented at a symposium entitled Extending the Expectancy-Value Model: Definitions and Functions of Cost in Students' Choice, Engagement, and Performance Paper The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association Washington, D.C.
Perez, A. C. (October , 2015). Boosting student motivation to support persistence and achievement in college Oral Presentation Old Dominion University Educational Psychology and Program Evaluation Speaker Series Norfolk, VA..
Perez, A. C. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (August , 2015). The role of goal orientations in science students’ cost perceptions Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Toronto, Canada..
Richman, S. L., Perez, T., Schwartz-Bloom, R. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, l. (June , 2015). Targeting stereotype threat reduction to increase participation in STEM fields Paper The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues Washington, DC..
Barger, M. M., Perez, A. C. and Canelas, D. (April , 2015). Constructivism and personal epistemology development Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Chicago, IL.
Schwartz-Bloom, R., Godin, E., Perez, T., Worminton, S. V., Barger, M. M., Snyder, K. E. and Linnebrink-Garcia, L. (March , 2015). LEAP: Launch into Education About Pharmacology: A pharmacology-based enrichment program for college students at Duke Paper The annual meeting of the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Boston, MA..
Perez, A. C., Wormington, S. V., Barger, M. M., Schwartz-Bloom, R. D. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (June , 2014). Profiles of costs: how expectancy-value profiles relate to undergraduates’ choices in stem Poster International Conference on Motivation Helsinki, Finland..
Linnenbrink-Garcia, L., Perez, A. C. and Wormington, S. V. (June 13, 2014). Development of Undergraduates’ Motivation in Science: A Person-Centered Approach Poster International Conference on Motivation Helsinki, Finland.
Perez, A. C., Wormington, S. V., Barger, M. M., Schwartz-Bloom, R. D. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (June 12, 2014). Profiles of Costs: How Expectancy-Value Profiles Relate to Undergraduates’ Choices in STEM Paper International Conference on Motivation Helsinki, Finland.
Barger, M. M., Perez, A. C., Gustafson, M., NAdeua, J., Schaad, D., Huettel, L. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (April , 2014). Interest development via “Grand Challenges” in college engineering students. Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Philadelphia, PA..
Linnenbrink-Garcia, L., Schwartz-Bloom, R., Perez, A. C., Wormington, S. V., Barger, M. M., Godin, E. and Snyder, K. (April , 2014). Supporting motivation and career intentions in science: The effects of a summer intervention program Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Philadelphia, PA.
Barger, M. M., Perez, A. C., Gustafson, M., Nadeau, J., Schaad, D., Huettel, L. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (April , 2014). Interest development via “Grand Challenges” in college engineering students Poster Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association Philadelphia, PA.
Linnenbrink-Garciaa, L., Schwartz-Bloom, R., Perez, A. C., Wormington, S. W., Barger, M. M., Godin, E. and Snyder, K. (April , 2014). Supporting Motivation and Career Intentions in Science: The Effects of a Summer Intervention Program Poster Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association Philadelphia, PA.
Perez, A. C., Nickens, A., Barger, M. M. and Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (April , 2014). The Role of Gender and Motivation in Undergraduates’ Ideal and Expected STEM Career Aspirations Paper Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association Philadelphia, PA.
Perez, A. C., Wormington, S. V., Barger, M. M., Schwartz-Bloom, R. D. and Linnebrink-Garcia, L. (April , 2013). Expectancy-value profiles of college science students: I can do it, I want to do it, but it may be costly. Paper presented at a symposium entitled Is It Worth My Time and Effort? Exploring Students' Conceptions of the Cost of Learning Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference San Francisco, CA.
Perez, A. C. (March , 2013). Is majoring in stem worth it?: The role of ego-identity status, values, and costs in college stem retention Oral Presentation Duke University Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Developmental Brown Bag Series Durham, NC..
Bergey, B. W., Perez, A. C., Agbenyega, E. k., Cromley, J. G. and Horvat, E. (August , 2012). Weighing major costs: Undergraduates’ values and costs for STEM majors Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Orlando, FL..
Cromley, J. G., Horvat, E. M., Perez, A. C., Agbenyega, E. T., Wills, T. W., Tanaka, J., Dumas, D., Raja, R. and Sheth, D. (April , 2012). Cognitive and motivational predictors of first-year science grades Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Vancouver, Canada..
Perez, A. C., Cromley, J. G. and Kaplan, A. (April , 2012). Intention to leave a STEM major: Expectancies, values, and identity Status Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Vancouver, Canada..
Agbenyega, E. T., Dai, T., Karakus, M., Horvat, E. M., Cromley, j. G., Perez, A. C. and Kumi, J. A. (April , 2012). Understanding students’ beliefs about the nature of knowing in chemistry and biology: A mixed-method analysis Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Vancouver, Canada.
Kirchgessner, M., Perez, A. C., Dai, T. and Cromley, J. G. (April , 2012). The interplay between contingencies of self-worth and test anxiety. Paper Annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association Vancouver, Canada..
Karakus, M. K., Dai, T., Perez, A. C. and Kaplan, A. (February , 2012). Investigating the environmental antecedents of mastery-avoidance goals Paper The Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association Hilton Head, SC..
Perez, A. C., Bergey, B. W., Cromley, J. G., Agbenyega, E. T. and Horvat, E. M. (August , 2011). Sticking with science? The perceived cost and values of being a science student Poster The Annual Meeting of the Junior Researchers of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction Exeter, United Kingdom.
Perez, A. C., Cromley, J. G., Agbenyega, E. T. and Horvat, E. M. (April , 2011). An expectancy-value perspective on undergraduates’ decisions to take an optional biology exam Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference New Orleans, LA..
Abenyega, E. T., Horvat, E. M., Perez, A. C., Cromley, J. G., Townsend, L. and Raja, L. (April , 2011). Bridging the gap: An exploration of tensions between pedagogical reforms and STEM students’ learning needs Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference New Orleans, LA.
G, C. J., Horvat, E., Tanaka, J., Michel, J., Perez, A. C., TancrediBrice, E., Raja, L., Vorndran, P., Wills, M. and Wills, T. W. (April , 2011). Cognition and motivation in science technology engineering and math retention Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference New Orleans, LA.
Perez, A. C., Meyer, R. H., Karakus, M. K. and Kaplan, A. (April , 2011). Identity formation processes and motivation for choosing an academic concentration in high school. Poster American Educational Research Association Annual Conference New Orleans, LA.
Karakus, M. K., Meyer, R. H., Perez, A. C. and Kaplan, A. (April , 2011). Mastery-avoidance goals in junior high school: Prevalence and meaning in two disciplinary domains Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference New Orleans, LA.
Meyer, R. H., Perez, A. C. and Karakus, M. K. (April , 2011). Perceptions of peers’ task values and motivation for choosing enhanced subjects in high school Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference New Orleans, LA.
Cromley, J. G., Wills, T. W., Resnick, I., Dai, T., Perez, A. C., Fitzbugh, S., Newcombe, N. and Ramos-Castillo, N. (July , 2010). Reading comprehension--sequences of cognitive moves while reading scientific text Paper seventeenth annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading Berlin, Germany.
Fitzhugh, S., Cromley, J. G., Newcombe, N., Perez, A. C. and Wills, T. W. (April , 2010). High school students’ comprehension of text and diagrams: Testing a model with eye tracking data Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Denver, CO.
Perez, A. C., G, C. J. and Newcombe, N. (April , 2010). Relationships between visuospatial skills, knowledge, and reasoning with science diagrams Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Denver, CO. .
Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C., Fitzbugh, S., Tanaka, J., Newcombe, N. and W, W. T. (April , 2010). Teaching effective use of diagrammatic reasoning in biology Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Denver, CO.
Horvat, E. M., Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C., Tancredi-Brice, E. and Karakus, M. (April , 2010). Understanding STEM persistence: Memorizing, digesting and personal epistemology Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference Denver, CO.
Cromley, J. G., Newcombe, N., Shipley, T. F., Tanka, J., Perez, A. C. and Fitzbugh, S. (March , 2010). Reasoning with visual representations in science: from basic processes to interventions Paper symposium entitled The New Learning Sciences at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association Pittsburgh, PA.
Cromley, J. G., Newcombe, N., Tanaka, J., Shipley, T. F., Fitzhugh, S., Perez, A. C. and Bergey, B. (March , 2010). Teaching diagrammatic reasoning: Conventions of diagrams versus coordinating text and diagrams Lecture Temple University Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center in the Department of Psychology Philadelphia, PA.
Perez, A. C. and Cromley, J. G. (April , 2009). Predicting science achievement from science media use and science enjoyment across 57 countries using PISA 2006 Paper American Educational Research Association Annual Conference San Diego, CA..
  • 2017: Darden College of Education New Investigator Award, Old Dominion University
  • 2015: Shining Star Recognition for Teaching, Old Dominion University
  • 2014: Division C New Faculty Mentoring Program, American Educational Research Association
  • 2012: Early Career Travel Award, American Psychological Association
  • 2011: Division C Graduate Student Seminar, American Educational Research Association
  • 2009: Benjamin Banneker Award, Temple University