School of Community & Environmental Health

Qi (Harry) Zhang PhD

NORFOLK, 23529

Ph.D. in Economics, The University of Alabama, (2001)

M.A. in Economics, The University of Alabama, (1999)

B.A. in Economics, Fudan University, (1998)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Zhang, Q. "Food Assistance, Diet and Body Weight Status among WIC Eligible Children" $155,000. Federal. December 8, 2016 - December 31, 2019
Zhang, Q. "WIC on Wheels Virginia Mobile Clinic" $460,350. Federal. September 30, 2016 - September 30, 2019
Zhang, Q. "Health Outcomes and Redemption Behaviors among Virginia WIC Participants" $90,000. Federal. August 18, 2016 - July 30, 2019
Zhang, Q., Shen, Y. and Tang, C. "Using a Smartphone App to Improve WIC Redemptions" $50,000. Higher Education. January 1, 2017 - December 31, 2017
Zhang, Q. "Systems-oriented pediatric obesity research and training Center." $1,610,000. September 1, 2011 - December 31, 2017
Zhang, Q. "Junior Faculty Research Mentoring Program " $6,500. September 1, 2016 - June 30, 2017
Zhang, Q. "Just-in-time incentives (JITI) to promote fruit and vegetable redemption among WIC participants" $49,996. Higher Education. January 1, 2016 - June 30, 2017
Zhang, Q. "Redesign choice architecture: Nudge WIC participants to lower-priced brands." $5,000. April 1, 2015 - December 31, 2015
Zhang, Q. "Acculturation and health status among migrant children." $5,000. September 1, 2014 - December 31, 2015
Zhang, Q. "Policy Resistance within a Region's Healthcare System: A System Dynamics Approach" $419,266. Federal. August 9, 2012 - July 31, 2014
Zhang, Q. "Causes and Interventions for Childhood Obesity: Innovative Systems Analysis" $1,618,156. Federal. September 29, 2010 - June 30, 2014
Zhang, Q. "Local Economic Conditions, Food Assistance, and Food Insecurity among Households with Children" $184,995. Federal. September 01, 2010 - August 31, 2013
Zhang, Q. "Availability and Accessibility of Emergency Food Assistance and Food Insecurity among American Children" $74,928. State. June 16, 2011 - September 14, 2012
Zhang, Q. "Resemblance between child & parental eating, physical activity & obesity patterns." $25,978. September 30, 2009 - September 29, 2011
Zhang, Q. "Price Effect on Diet and Obesity Risk of Food Assistance Program Recipients" $135,555. August 10, 2007 - July 31, 2009
Zhang, Q. "Assessing the Feasibility of Promoting Fruits and Vegetables Consumption via Auto-Call Center among Low-Income Populations" $3,000. March 1, 2008 - July 1, 2008
Zhang, Q. "Impact of Local Food Prices on the Relationship between Food Stamp Program Participation and Bodyweight status of Adults in the South" $35,027. October 1, 2006 - December 14, 2007
Zhang, Q. "Preference Heterogeneity and CEA in Diabetes" $600,000. October 1, 2003 - September 30, 2006
Zhang, Q. "Trends in Relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Obesity and Diabetes" $7,000. July 1, 2006 - August 31, 2006


Li, K., Wen, M., Reynolds, M. and Zhang, Q. (2019). WIC Participation and Breastfeeding after the 2009 WIC revision: a propensity score approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 , pp. 2645.
Zhang, Q., Lamichhane, R., Wright, M., McLaughlin, P. W. and Stacy, B. (2019). Trends in breastfeeding disparities in US infants by WIC eligibility and participation. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 51 (2) , pp. 182-189.
Mao, L., Lu, J., Zhang, Q., Zhao, Y., Chen, G., Sun, M., Chang, F. and Li, X. (2019). Family-based intervention for patients with type 2 diabetes via WeChat in China: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health 19 , pp. 381.
Zhang, Q., Zhang, J., Park, K. and Tang, C. (2020). Association Between Usage of an App to Redeem Prescribed Food Benefits and Redemption Behaviors Among the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Participants: Cross-Sectional Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 8 (10) , pp. e20720.
Zhang, Q., Alsuliman, M. A., Wright, M., Wang, Y. and Cheng, X. (2020). Fruit and Vegetable Purchases and Consumption among WIC Participants after the 2009 WIC Food Package Revision: A Systematic Review. Advances in Nutrition 11 (6) , pp. 1646-1662.
Zhang, Q., Chen, C., Xue, H., Park, K. and Wang, Y. (2021). Revisiting the relationship between WIC participation and breastfeeding among low-income children in the US after the 2009 WIC food package revision. Food Policy 101 , pp. 102089.
Zhang, Q., Panichelli, J. and Hall, L. Ann. (2021). Assessment of Cooking Matters Facebook Platform to Promote Healthy Eating Behaviors among Low-Income Caregivers of Young Children in the United States: A Pilot Study. Nutrients 13 (8) , pp. 2694.
Zhang, Q., Zhang, J., Park, K. and Tang, C. (2021). App Usage Associated With Full Redemption of WIC Food Benefits: A Propensity Score Approach. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 53 (9) , pp. 779-786.
Zhang, Q., Lamichhane, R., Wouk, K., Guthrie, J. and Li, K. (2021). Prenatal perception of breastfeeding recommendations predicts early breastfeeding outcomes of participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , pp. nqab268.
Zhang, Q., Zhang, J., Park, K. and Tang, C. (2021). Women, Infants, and Children cash value benefit redemption choices in the electronic benefit transfer era. American Journal of Health Promotion.
Huang, X., Chen, W., Lin, Y., Zhang, Q. and Ling, L. (2018). Association between acculturation and body weight status among migrant children in Guangzhou, China: A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 8 (6) , pp. e018768.
Zhang, Y., Chen, G., Zhang, Q., Lu, J. and Yu, H. (2018). Gender disparities in the association between socio-demographics and non-communicable disease risk factors among adults with disabilities in Shanghai, China. PeerJ 6 (e4505) , pp. 1-14.
Chen, W., Zhang, Q., Renzaho, A. M.N.., Zhou, F., Zhang, H. and Ling, L. (2017). Social health insurance coverage and financial protection among rural-to-urban internal migrants in china: Evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study. BMJ Global Health 2 (e000477) , pp. 1-13.
Yu, Y., Zhang, X., Sun, C., Zhou, H., Zhang, Q. and Chen, C. (2017). Reducing the rate of cesarean delivery on maternal request through institutional and policy interventions in Wenzhou, China. PLOS One 12 (11) , pp. e0186304.
Chang, F., Zhang, Q., Sun, M., Yu, H., Hu, L., Wu, J., Chen, G., Xue, L. and Lu, J. (2018). Epidemiological study of Spinal Cord Injury individuals from halfway houses in Shanghai, China. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 41 (4) , pp. 450-458.
Xue, A., Wang, X., Yang, S., Shi, Y., Luo, R., Zhang, Q., Kenny, K. and Rozelle, S. (2017). The relationship between infant peer interactions and cognitive development: Evidence from rural China. Chinese Journal of Sociology 3 (2) , pp. 193-207.
Xue, H., Chen, X., Zhang, Q., Wang, H., Zhang, B., Qu, W. and Wang, Y. (2017). Temporal growth and spatial distribution of the fast food industry and its relationship with economic development in China — 2005–2012. Preventive Medicine 102 , pp. 79-85.
Chen, X., Yuan, M., Lu, J., Zhang, Q., Sun, M. and Chang, F. (2017). Assessment of universal newborn hearing screening and intervention in Shanghai, China. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 33 (2) , pp. 206-214.
Zhang, Q. and Wang, Y. (2007). Using concentration index to study changes in socio-economic inequality of overweight among US adolescents between 1971 and 2002. International journal of epidemiology 36 (4) , pp. 916–925.
Zhang, Q. and Wang, Y. (2004). Trends in the association between obesity and socioeconomic status in US adults: 1971 to 2000. Obesity 12 (10) , pp. 1622–1632.
Lin, Y., Zhang, Q., Chen, W. and Ling, L. (2017). The social income inequality, social integration and health status of internal migrants in China. International journal for equity in health 16 (1) , pp. 139.
Huang, E., Gandra, N., Zhang, Q., Chin, M. and Meltzer, D. (2007). The impact of functional status and comorbid illness on the expected benefits of intensive glucose control in older diabetes patients.. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 55 (4) , pp. S213.
Huang, E. S., Zhang, Q., Gandra, N., Chin, M. H. and Meltzer, D. O. (2008). The Effect of Comorbid Illness and Functional Status on the Expected Benefits of Intensive Glucose Control in Older Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Decision AnalysisEffect of Health Status on Benefit of Intensive Glucose Control. Annals of internal medicine 149 (1) , pp. 11–19.
Huang, E. S., Zhang, Q., Brown, S. ES., Drum, M. L., Meltzer, D. O. and Chin, M. H. (2007). The Cost-Effectiveness of improving diabetes care in US federally qualified community health centers. Health services research 42 (6p1) , pp. 2174–2193.
Zhang, Q., Lauderdale, D., Mou, S., Parish, W. I., Laumann, E. O. and Schneider, J. (2009). Socioeconomic disparity in healthcare-seeking behavior among Chinese women with genitourinary symptoms. Journal of Women’s Health 18 (11) , pp. 1833–1839.
Wang, Y. and Zhang, Q. (2007). Reply to M Bishop. The American journal of clinical nutrition 85 (5) , pp. 1437–1438.
Zhang, Q., Chen, Z., Diawara, N. and Wang, Y. (2011). Prices of unhealthy foods, food stamp program participation, and body weight status among US low-income women. Journal of family and economic issues 32 (2) , pp. 245–256.
Du, J., Zhang, Q. and Stallone, M. (2015). Out-of-School Sports Time and Children’s Body Weight Status: Evidence from a Longitudinal Survey. North American Journal of Medicine and Science 8 (1).
Zhang, Q. (2010). Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity among Immigrant Families. North American Journal of Medicine and Science Apr 3 (2) , pp. 89.
Zhang, Q., Tang, C., McLaughlin, P. W. and Diggs, L. (2017). Individual and Store Characteristics Associated with Brand Choices in Select Food Category Redemptions among WIC Participants in Virginia. International journal of environmental research and public health 14 (4) , pp. 364.
Zhang, Q. and Chen, Z. (2007). Impact of local food prices on the relationship between Food Stamp Program participation and bodyweight status of adults in the South. Washington (DC): US Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.
Zhang, Q., Jones, S., Ruhm, C. J. and Andrews, M. (2013). Higher food prices may threaten food security status among American low-income households with children. The Journal of nutrition 143 (10) , pp. 1659–1665.
Zhang, Q., Liu, S., Liu, R., Xue, H. and Wang, Y. (2014). Food policy approaches to obesity prevention: An international perspective. Current obesity reports 3 (2) , pp. 171–182.
Chen, C., Cheng, Z., Jiang, P., Sun, M., Zhang, Q. and Lv, J. (2016). Effect of the new maternity insurance scheme on medical expenditures for caesarean delivery in Wuxi, China: a retrospective pre/post-reform case study. Frontiers of medicine 10 (4) , pp. 473–480.
Zhang, Q., Liu, R., Diggs, L. A., Wang, Y. and Ling, L. (2017). Does acculturation affect the dietary intakes and body weight status of children of immigrants in the US and other developed countries? A systematic review. Ethnicity & Health , pp. 1–21.
Zhang, Q., Zheng, B., Zhang, N. and Wang, Y. (2011). Decomposing the intergenerational disparity in income and obesity. The BE Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 11 (3).
Zhang, Q., Wang, Y. and Huang, E. S. (2009). Changes in racial/ethnic disparities in the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes by obesity level among US adults. Ethnicity & health 14 (5) , pp. 439–457.
Zhang, Q., Lamichhane, R. and Wang, Y. (2014). Associations between US adult obesity and state and county economic conditions in the recession. Journal of clinical medicine 3 (1) , pp. 153–166.
Lin, Y., Zhang, Q., Chen, W., Shi, J., Han, S., Song, X., Xu, Y. and Ling, L. (2016). Association between social integration and health among internal migrants in ZhongShan, China. PloS one 11 (2) , pp. e0148397.
Eldoseri, H., Tufts, K., Zhang, Q. and Fish, J. (2014). Adverse health effects of spousal violence among women attending Saudi Arabian primary health-care clinics. Eastern Mediterranean health journal 20 (11).
Zhang, Q., Lamichhane, R., Chen, H., Xue, H. and Wang, Y. (2014). Does child-parent resemblance in body weight status vary by sociodemographic factors in the USA?. Journal of epidemiology and community health 68 (11) , pp. 1034-42.
Zhang, Q., Lamichhane, R. and Diggs, L. A. (2016). Disparities in emergency department visits in American children with asthma: 2006-2010.. The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma , pp. 1-8.
Zhang, Q., Lamichhane, R. and Wang, Y. (2014). Associations between U.S. Adult Obesity and State and County Economic Conditions in the Recession. Journal of Clinical Medicine 3 , pp. 153-166.
Zhang, Q. and Wang, Y. (2004). Socioeconomic Inequality of Obesity in the United States: Do Gender, Age, and Ethnicity Matter?. Social Science & Medicine 58 , pp. 1171-1180.
Chen, Z. and Zhang, Q. (2011). Nutrigenomics Hypothesis: Examining the Association between Food Stamp Program Participation and Bodyweight among Low-Income Women. Journal of Family Economic Issues 32 , pp. 508-520.
Zhang, Q. and Wang, Y. (2012). Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Disparity in American's Adherence to Federal Dietary Recommendations. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 112 (5) , pp. 614-616.
Hudson, J., Neff, J. Alan., Padilla, M., Zhang, Q. and Mercer, L. T. (2012). Predictors of Physician Use of Inpatient Electronic Health Records. American Journal of Managed Care 18 (4) , pp. 201-206.
Abbo, E., Zhang, Q., Zelder, M. and Huang, E. (2008). The Increasing Number of Clinical Items Addressed During the Time of Adult Primary Care Visits. Journal of General Internal Medicine 23 , pp. 2058-2065.
Schneider, J. A.., Zhang, Q., Auerbach, A., Gonzales, D., Kaboli, P., Schnipper, J., Wetterneck, T. B.., Pitrak, D. L.. and Meltzer, D. O.. (2008). Do Hospitalists or Physicians with Greater Inpatient HIV Experience Improve HIV Care in the Era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy? Results from a Multicenter Trial of Academic Hospitalists. Clinical Infectious Diseases 46 , pp. 1085-1092.

Book Chapters

Zhang, Q. and Wang, Y. (2004). Secular trends in socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States Studies on Economic Well-Being: Essays in the Honor of John P. Formby (pp. 481–499) Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Zhang, Q. (March , 2009). Prices of unhealthy foods, food stamp program participation and obesity among low-income American adults” .
(June , 2009). Health care reform: A dilemma Speech on the League of Women Voters Meeting, Norfolk,VA.
Zhang, Q. (July , 2009). Secular trends in the relationship between food stamp program participation and body weight status among low income population in U.S.” The 16th World Congress of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences Kunming,China.
Zhang, Q. (July , 2009). Socioeconomic disparities in obesity 7th World Congress on Health Economics Beijing,China.
(July , 2009). Effect of food prices on dietary intakes in US food stamp program eligible populations 7th World Congress on Health Economics Beijing,China.
(May , 2010). Economic environment and obesity among low-income populations” .
Zhang, Q. (June , 2010). Intergenerational distribution of income and obesity 3rd Biennial Conference of the American Society of Health Economists Ithaca,NY.
Zhang, Q. (December , 2010). Health outcomes and behaviors in the economic recession Hong Kong Economic Association 6th Biennial Tianjin,China.
Zhang, Q. (June , 2011). Availability and accessibility of emergency food assistance and food insecurity University of Kentucky, .
Zhang, Q. (July , 2011). Local labor market conditions and food insecurity among low-income households with children 8th World Congress on Health Economics, Toronto,Canada.
Zhang, Q. (March , 2012). Local economic conditions and nutritional status Georgia State University .
Zhang, Q. (April , 2012). Availability and accessibility of emergency food assistance and food insecurity University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign .
Zhang, Q. (May 17, 2012). Economic cycles and childhood obesity in the U.S 2nd Global Congress for Consensus in Pediatrics & Child Health Moscow,Russia.
Zhang, Q. (May , 2012). Local economic conditions and nutritional status Georgia Health and Sciences University .
Zhang, Q. (June , 2013). Association between US adult obesity and state and county economic conditions in the recession The Chinese Economists Society 2013 Conference Chengdu,China.
Zhang, Q. (July 8, 2013). Food prices and food insecurity among American households with children 9th world congress Sydney,Australia.
Zhang, Q. (March 14, 2014). Economic recession and food security status among low income Americans” Fourth International Conference on Health, Wellness & Society Vancouver,Canada.
Zhang, Q. (June 19, 2014). Food policy approaches to obesity prevention: An international perspective 7th Global Studies Conference Shanghai,China.
Zhang, Q. (July 12, 2015). Local economic conditions, food insecurity, and obesity among low-income American children 11th World Congress Milan,Italy.
Zhang, Q. (November 13, 2015). Research opportunities and challenges in studying the behaviors among WIC participants Sanford School of Public Policy .
Zhang, Q. (June 29, 2016). Understanding WIC Fruits and Vegetables Redemption in Virginia the Committee to Review WIC Food Packages Washington,DC.
Zhang, Q. (April 2, 2017). Understanding WIC Fruits and Vegetables Redemption in Virginia Philadelphia,PA.
Zhang, Q. (May 19, 2017). Trends in Overweight and Obesity among U.S. Children Eligible for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children: 1999-2014”. 9th Global Conference Amsterdam.
Zhang, Q. (September 25, 2017). When Behavioral Economics (BE) Meets Mobile Technology (MT) in the WIC Program Program Integrity, and Vendor Management Education & Networking Conference and Exhibits .
  • 2021: Gene W. Hirschfeld Faculty Excellence Award, College of Health Sciences, Old Dominion University
  • 2020: M. Wayne Delozier Award for Best Conference Paper, Academy of Marketing Science
  • 2019: Award for Excellence in Reviewing, Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
  • 2018: Asian Caucus Teaching Award, Asian and Asian-American Faculty Caucus, Old Dominion University
  • 2017: Outstanding Faculty Professional Service Award, College of Health Sciences, Old Dominion University
  • 2016: Gregory Chow Short-term Teaching Fellowship, Chinese Economist Society
  • 2015: Best Service Award, Chinese Economist Society
  • 2014: Champion of Diversity Award, Office of Institutional Equity, Old Dominion University
  • 2012: Outstanding Community Service Award, Tidewater Chinese School
  • 2011: Finalist for the Doctoral Mentoring Award, Old Dominion University
  • 2010: Achievement Award, North American Journal of Medicine and Science
  • 2010: Community Service Award, Organization of Chinese American-Eastern Virginia Chapter
  • 2009: Best Research Paper of the Year, Society of General Internal Medicine
  • 2008: Faculty Proposal Preparation Program (FP3) Award, Old Dominion University
  • 2006: Academic Keys Who's Who in Health Sciences Education (WWHSE),
  • 2006: Marquis Who's Who in America,
  • 2006: Marquis Who's Who of Emerging Leaders, 1st edition,
  • 2001: Beta Gamma Sigma, University of Alabama
  • 2001: Dissertation Fellowship, University of Alabama
  • 2001: Outstanding Doctoral Student Award, University of Alabama
  • 1998: Graduate Council Fellowship, University of Alabama