Professor & Chair
Department of Human Movement Sciences

Xihe Zhu

2010 Student Recreation Ctr
Norfolk, 23529

Interested in motivation, psychology, intervention, and evaluation types of studies in physical activity, health, fitness, and behavior learning; graduate program coordinator for health and physical education.

Ph.D. in Kinesiology, University of Maryland - College Park, (2009)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Zhu, X. "Examining amotivated adolescents in physical education and physical activity" $7,095. Other. August 2012 - August 2013
Zhu, X. "Profiling Amotivated Learners in Physical Education – A Mixed Method Study" $6,567. Other. April 30, 2011 - August 31, 2012
Zhu, X. "Exploring Signature Pedagogies In Physical Education" $18,818. Private. May 1, 2011 - August 1, 2012
Zhu, X. "Exploring Signature Pedagogies in Physical Education Teacher Education" $7,150. Other. April 30, 2010 - September 1, 2011
Zhu, X. "The Effect of Task Cognitive Demand on Situational Interest and Performance" $7,000. Old Dominion University. May 30, 2010 - August 30, 2010

Expertise

Motivation
Physical Activity
Fitness
Obesity
Health Promotion
Program Evaluation
Learning

Research Interests

health promotion; physical activity; fitness; motivation; program evaluation; learning

Articles

Zhu, X., Ang, C. W.. and Sun, H. Psychological Need Satisfaction and Motivation ln Athletes: Does Balance Matter? Dawn Anderson-Butcher, The Ohio State University, and Anthony]. Amomsef, Illinois State University.
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. Three Year Health-Related Fitness Knowledge Growth in One Curriculum. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education.
Davis, S., Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (2020). High School Student Fitness Test Attributions: Does BMI or Performance Matter?. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education 1 (aop) , pp. 1-9.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X., Healy, S. and Patterson, F. (2020). Proportions of youth with visual impairments meeting 24‐hr movement guidelines. Child: Care, Health and Development.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Holland, S. K.. (2020). School‐based bullying experiences as reflected by adults with visual impairments. Psychology in the Schools 57 (2) , pp. 296-309.
Zhu, X., Healy, S., Haegele, J. A. and Patterson, F. (2020). Twenty-Four-Hour Movement Guidelines and Body Weight in Youth. The Journal of Pediatrics.
Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. (2019). Body image and physical education: Reflections of individuals with visual impairments. European Physical Education Review 25 (4) , pp. 1002-1016.
Berry, C., Ahl, P., Hill, E., Gabriele, C., Resh, R., Rice, J., Zhu, X. and Shellman, A. (2019). Examining the Health Outcomes of College Climbers: Applying the Perceived Health Outcomes of Recreation Scale. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership 11 (3).
Yessick, A. B.., Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Bobzien, J. (2019). Exploring the Experiences of Children with ASD in Self-contained Physical Education: a Modified Scrapbooking Study. Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders , pp. 1-8.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Holland, K. (2019). Exploring the Intersection Between Disability and Overweightness in Physical Education Among Females With Visual Impairments. Research quarterly for exercise and sport 90 (3) , pp. 344-354.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Holland, K. (2019). Fitness testing experiences in integrated physical education as reflected by adults with visual impairments. European Physical Education Review , pp. 1356336X19882057.
Zhang, L., Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A., Wang, D. and Wu, X. (2019). Health and fitness indicators of individuals with intellectual disabilities in China: Performance differences among disability levels. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability , pp. 1-4.
Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A. and Sun, H. (2019). Health-related fitness knowledge growth in middle school years: Individual-and school-level correlates. Journal of Sport and Health Science.
Chen, S., Sun, H., Zhu, X., Chen, A. and Ennis, C. D.. (2019). Learners’ motivational response to the Science, PE, & Me! curriculum: A situational interest perspective. Journal of Sport and Health Science.
Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A. and Healy, S. (2019). Movement and mental health: Behavioral correlates of anxiety and depression among children of 6–17 years old in the US. Mental Health and Physical Activity 16 , pp. 60-65.
Haegele, J. A., Sato, T., Zhu, X. and Kirk, T. (2019). Paraeducator support in integrated physical education as reflected by adults with visual impairments. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 36 (1) , pp. 91-108.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X., Wilson, P., Kirk, T. and Davis, S. (2019). Physical activity, nutrition, and psychological well-being among youth with visual impairments and their siblings. Disability and rehabilitation , pp. 1-9.
Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. (2019). Physical Activity, Self-efficacy and Health-related Quality of Life among Adults with Visual Impairments. Disability and rehabilitation , pp. 1-7.
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (2019). Reactivity to Accelerometer Measurement of Children With Visual Impairments and Their Family Members. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 1 (aop) , pp. 1-9.
Yang, D., Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A., Wilson, P. and Wu, X. (2019). The Association between Health-Related Fitness and Physical Activity during Weekdays: Do Fit Students Exercise More after School?. Sustainability 11 (15) , pp. 4127.
Haegele, J. A., Wilson, P., Zhu, X. and Kirk, T. (2019). The meaning of youth physical activity experiences among individuals with psoriasis: A retrospective inquiry. European Physical Education Review 25 (2) , pp. 374-388.
Berry, C., Hill, E., Rice, J., Resh, R., Zhu, X. and Ahl, P. (2019). The Perceived Health Outcomes and Values of College Climbers: Exploring Why They Climb.
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (2019). Three-Year Health-Related Fitness Knowledge Growth in One Curriculum Context: Impact of Sociodemographic Factors. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education 38 (3) , pp. 214-220.
Haegele, J. A., Hodge, S. R.., Zhu, X., Holland, S. K.. and Wilson, W. J.. (2019). Understanding the Inclusiveness of Integrated Physical Education From the Perspectives of Adults With Visual Impairments. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 1 (aop) , pp. 1-19.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Davis, S. (2018). Barriers and facilitators of physical education participation for students with disabilities: An exploratory study. International Journal of Inclusive Education 22 (2) , pp. 130-141.
Chen, A., Shen, B. and Zhu, X. (2018). Curriculum intervention research as a source of knowledge of most worth. Kinesiology Review 7 (3) , pp. 240-250.
Chen, S., Zhu, X., Androzzi, J. and Nam, Y. Ho. (2018). Evaluation of a concept-based physical education unit for energy balance education. Journal of sport and health science 7 (3) , pp. 353-362.
Davis, S., Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (2018). Factors influencing high school girls' enrollment in elective physical education. Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education 9 (3) , pp. 286-299.
Davis, S., Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (2018). Factors influencing high school girls’ enrolment in elective physical education: An exploratory qualitative inquiry. Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education 9 (3) , pp. 286-299.
Haegele, J. A., Yessick, A. and Zhu, X. (2018). Females with visual impairment in physical education: Exploring the intersection between disability and gender identities. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 89 (3) , pp. 298-308.
Haegele, J. A., Yessick, A. and Zhu, X. (2018). Females with visual impairments in physical education: exploring the intersection between disability and gender identities. Research quarterly for exercise and sport 89 (3) , pp. 298-308.
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (2018). Gender- and school-level correlates of growth in health-related fitness knowledge among US high-school students. Health Education Journal.
Zhu, X., Davis, S., Kirk, T., Haegele, J. A. and Knott, S. E. (2018). Inappropriate practices in fitness testing and reporting: Alternative strategies. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 89 (3) , pp. 46-51.
Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A., Tang, Y. and Wu, X. (2018). Prevalence and demographic correlates of overweight, physical activity, and screen time among school-aged children in urban China: The Shanghai study. . Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 30 (2) , pp. 118-127.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Kirk, T. (2018). Weekday physical activity and health-related fitness of youths with visual impairments and those with autism spectrum disorder and visual impairments. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness 112 (4) , pp. 372-384.
Zhu, X. and Chen, S. (2018). Willingness to engage predicts physical activity participation in physical education among students. International Journal of Learning and Teaching 4 (3) , pp. 209-215.
Haegele, J. A., Healy, S. and Zhu, X. (2018). Physical activity and obesity among nine-year- old children with and without chronic health problems, illness, or disabilities in Ireland. Disability & Health Journal 11 (1) , pp. 143-148.
Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A. and Davis, S. (2018). Physical educators’ habitual physical activity and self-efficacy for regular exercise. The Physical Educator 75 (1) , pp. 50-63.
Cai, Y., Zhu, X. and Wu, X. (2017). Overweight, obesity, and screen-time viewing among Chinese school-aged children: National prevalence estimates from the 2016 Physical Activity and Fitness in China: The Youth Study. Journal of Sport and Health Science 6 (4) , pp. 404-409.
Chen, S., Zhu, X. and Kang, M. (2017). Development and validation of an energy-balance knowledge test for fourth and fifth grade students. Journal of Sports Sciences 10 (1004-1011).
Zhu, X. and Chen, S. (2017). Effects of cognitive demand on situational interest and running task performances. Educational Psychology 37 (7) , pp. 907-920.
Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. (2017). Experiences of individuals with visual impairments in integrated physical education: A retrospective study. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 88 (4) , pp. 425-435.
Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. (2017). Experiences of individuals with visual impairments in integrated physical education: A retrospective study. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport..
Leonetti, M., Zhu, X. and Chen, S. (2017). Improving students’ knowledge and values in physical education through Physical Best lessons. European Physical Education Review 23 (2) , pp. 223-236.
Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A., Tang, Y. and Wu, X. (2017). Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors of Urban Chinese Children: Grade Level Prevalence and Academic Burden Associations. BioMed Research International 2017.
Haegele, J. A., Sato, T., Zhu, X. and Avery, T. (2017). Physical education experiences at residential schools for students who are blind: A phenomenological inquiry. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness 111 (2) , pp. 135-147.
Haegele, J. A., Sato, T., Zhu, X. and Avery, T. (2017). Physical education experiences at residential schools for the blind: A phenomenological inquiry. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness 111 (2) , pp. 135-147.
Haegele, J. A., Kirk, T. N. and Zhu, X. (2017). Self-efficacy and physical activity among adults with visual impairments. Disability and Health Journal , pp. 1-6.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Davis, S. (2017). The meaning of physical education and sport among elite athletes with visual impairments. European Physical Education Review 23 (4) , pp. 375-391.
Chen, S., Zhu, X., Kim, Y., Welk, G. and Lanningham-Foster, L. (2016). Enhancing energy balance education through physical education and self-monitoring technology. European Physical Education Review 22 (2) , pp. 137-149.
Chen, S., Zhu, X., Androzzi, J. and Nam, Y. (2016). Evaluation of a concept-based physical education unit for energy balance education. Journal of Sport and Health Science.
Wilson, P., Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. (2016). Mobility status as a predictor of obesity, physical activity, and screen time use among children aged 5-11 years in the United States.. The Journal of Pediatrics (176) , pp. 23-29.
Gomez, E., Hill, E. L., Zhu, X. and Friedt, B. (2016). Perceived Health Outcomes of Recreation Scale (PHORS): Reliability, validity and invariance. Measurement in Physical Education & Exercise Science 20 (1) , pp. 27-37.
Zhu, X. and Drago, L. (2016). Physical activity and situational interest in mobile technology integrated physical education: A preliminary study. Acta Gymnica 46 (2) , pp. 59-67.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X., Lee, J. and Lieberman, L. J.. (2016). Physical activity for adults with visual impairments: impact of socio-demographic factors. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity 9 (1).
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X., Lee, J. and Lieberman, L. (2016). Physical activity for adults with visual impairments: Impact of socio-demographic factors. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity 9 (1) , pp. 3-14.
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X. and Davis, S. (2016). The meaning of physical education and sport among elite athletes with visual impairments. European Physical Education Review.
Zhu, X. (2015). Student perspectives of grading in physical education. European Physical Education Review 21 (4) , pp. 409-420.
Zhu, X. and Chen, S. (2015). The impacts of adolescent beliefs in performing a cardiorespiratory fitness test. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 13 (2) , pp. 182-192.
Chen, S., Zhu, X., Welk, G. and Kim, Y. (2015). Tracking energy balance in adolescents: Levels of compliance, energy flux, and learning. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness 13 (1) , pp. 35-41.
Dragon, L. Anne. and Zhu, X. (2014). Adolescent interest and physical activity fluctuation in technology-integrated physical education.
Zhu, X., Chen, S. and Parrott, J. (2014). Adolescents’ interest and performances in aerobic fitness testing. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education 33 (1) , pp. 53-67.
Zhu, X., Stewart, K. and Leonetti, M. (2014). Calibration Accuracy and Self-Efficacy in Health-Related Fitness and Fitness Knowledge. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 85 (S1) , pp. A41.
Chen, S., Zhu, X. and Fleming, N. R.. (2014). Curriculum Effects on Adolescents' Knowledge, Physical Activity, and Situational Interest. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 85 (S1) , pp. A8.
Leonetti, M. and Zhu, X. (2014). Enhancing Knowledge and Values in Physical Education Through Concept-Based Lessons. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 85 (S1) , pp. A147.
Zhu, X. (2014). Situational interest and physical activity in fitness testing: A need for pedagogical engineering. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 12 (1) , pp. 76-89.
Zhu, X., Chen, S. and Leonetti, M. (2014). The Association Between Health-Related Fitness and Afterschool Physical Activity Participation. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 85 (S1) , pp. A93.
Chen, S., Zhu, X., Welk, G. J.., Kim, Y., Lee, J. and Meier, N. F.. (2014). Using Sensewear armband and diet journal to promote adolescents' energy balance knowledge and motivation. Journal of Sport and Health Science 3 (4) , pp. 326-332.
Parrott, J. and Zhu, X. (2013). A critical view of static stretching and its relevance in physical education. Physical Educator 70 (4) , pp. 395.
Zhu, X. and Chen, A. (2013). Adolescent expectancy-value motivation, achievement in physical education, and physical activity participation. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education 32 , pp. 287-304.
Zhu, X. (2013). Exploring students’ conception and expectations of achievement in physical education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science 17 (1) , pp. 62-73.
Zhu, X. and Chen, A. (2013). Motivational cost aspects of physical education in middle school students. Educational Psychology 33 (4) , pp. 465-481.
Chen, S., Chen, A., Sun, H. and Zhu, X. (2013). Physical activity and fitness knowledge learning in physical education: Seeking a common ground. European Physical Education Review 19 (2) , pp. 256-270.
Chen, S., Chen, A. and Zhu, X. (2012). Are K-12 learners motivated in physical education? A meta-analysis. Research Quaterly for Exercise and Sport 83 (1) , pp. 36-48.
Sun, H., Chen, A., Zhu, X. and Ennis, C. (2012). Curriculum matters: Learning science-based fitness knowledge in constructivist physical education. The Elementary School Journal 113 (2) , pp. 215-229.
Chen, A., Sun, H., Zhu, X. and Ennis, C. (2012). Influence of personal and lesson factors on caloric expenditure in physical education. Journal of Sport and Health Science 1 , pp. 49-56.
Zhu, X., Sun, H., Chen, A. and Ennis, C. D. (2012). Measurement invariance of expectancy-value questionnaire in physical education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science 16 (1) , pp. 41-54.
Smither- Makovec, K., Zhu, X. and Knott, S. E. (2011). High school students' experience in a sport education unit. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 8l (Suppl. 1).
Smither- Makovec, K. and Zhu, X. (2011). High school students’ experiences in a sport education unit: The importance of team autonomy and problem-solving opportunities. European Physical Education Review 17 (2) , pp. 203-217.
Zhu, X. (2011). Student teachers’ reflection during practicum: Plenty on action, few in action. Reflective Practice 12 (6) , pp. 763-775.
Zhu, X., Ennis, C. D. and Chen, A. (2011). Implementation challenges for a constructivist physical education curriculum. Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy 16 (1) , pp. 83-99.
Zhu, X. and Chen, A. (2010). Adolescent expectancy-value motivation and learning: A disconnected case in physical education. Learning and Individual Differences 20 (5) , pp. 512-516.
Chen, A., Sun, H. and Zhu, X. (2010). Calorie Expenditure As Function Of Age-gender And Lesson Length-content Interaction In Physical Education: 2140Board# 19 June 3 3: 30 PM-5: 00 PM. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 42 (5) , pp. 521-522.
Zhu, X. (2009). Examining the relation between student expectancy-value motivation, achievement in middle-school physical education, and after-school physical activity participation.
Zhu, X., Chen, A., Ennis, C., Sun, H., Hopple, C., Bonello, M. and Bae, M. (2009). Situational interest, cognitive engagement, and achievement in physical education. Contemporary Educational Psychology 34 (3) , pp. 221-229.
Zhu, X., Chen, A. and Sun, H. (2008). Expectancy value, knowledge, and skill in middle school physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 79 (1).
Zhu, X. and Ennis, C. D.. (2007). Implementation Challenge for a Constructivist Physical Education Curriculum. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 78 (1).
Kim, S., Chen, A., Sun, H., Ennis, C. D.., Hopple, C. J.., Bonello, M., Bae, M. and Zhu, X. (2007). Situational interest: Content specificity and content generality. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 78 (1).

Book Chapters

Sun, H. and Zhu, X. (2015). Chapter 9 - Supervision and safety In D. J. Cothran, & X. Keating (Eds), Learning for a lifetime: Effective secondary physical education programs (pp.104- 115) Beijing: Educational Science Publishing House.
Zhu, X., Zhang, Y. and Shao, J. (2013). Chapter 11: What do students expect to achieve in physical education? An exploratory study In J. E. Saunders, M. Holzweg, W. Ho, & L. Housner. (Eds.), Current issues in contemporary comparative physical education and sport (pp. 110-120) Berlin: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH.

Conference Proceeding

Zhu, X. and Chen, S. Adolescents' Cognitive Processes and Physical Engagement in Physical Education (pp. A154-A154) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. Cardiorespiratory Fitness Performance in Middle School Years: Changes and Correlates (pp. A85-A85) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Chen, S. and Zhu, X. Harnessing the Energy Balance: Exploring Ways to Enhance Students' Knowledge (pp. A48-A49) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Wu, X., Zhang, L., Wang, D., Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. Health and Fitness Indicators of Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities: Severity Differences (pp. A12-A12) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. Improving Fitness Knowledge with Five for Life: High School Effectiveness (pp. A153-A153) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Haegele, J. A., Zhu, X., Sato, T. and Avery, T. PE Experiences at Schools for the Blind: A Phenomenological Inquiry (pp. A13-A14) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Davis, S., Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. Physical Education Participation Barriers and Facilitators for Students With Disabilities (pp. A15-A16) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X. Program Effects on Adolescents' Knowledge and Interest in Health-Related Fitness (pp. A61-A61) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. Promoting Adolescent Health-Related Fitness Knowledge Using Five for Life Curriculum (pp. A101-A101) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Davis, S., Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. Self-Identified Fatness: Retrospective Embodied Experiences in Physical Education (pp. A88-A89) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X., Chen, S. and Parrott, J. Sex Differences in Student Interest and Performances in Fitness Testing (pp. A65-A65) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X. Student Conception of Grade in Physical Education (pp. A64-A65) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A., Davis, S. and Shao, J. Three-year cardiorespiratory fitness growth and school-level correlates in high school (pp. A100-A101) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. Using Five for Life® to Promote Health-Related Fitness Knowledge: Elementary-Analysis (pp. A174-A175) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 2-4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X., Shao, J. and Wang, M. Weight and Body Mass Index Changes in Chinese College Students (pp. A21-A21) ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK ….
Zhu, X. (2012). Exploring student conception and expectation of achievement in physical education (pp. A68-69) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Zhu, X., Shao, J. and Wang, M. (2012). Weight and BMI changes in Chinese college students (pp. A21) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Smither- Makovec, K., Zhu, X. and Knott, S. E. (2011). High school students’ experiences in a Sport Education unit (pp. A-52) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Chen, S., Chen, A., Sun, H. and Zhu, X. (2011). Learners’ motivation change in concept-based physical education (pp. A-36) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Zhu, X., Smither- Makovec, K. and Knott, S. E. (2011). Teaching an open-ended curriculum: A tale of two teachers (pp. A-58) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Chen, A., Sun, H. and Zhu, X. (2010). Calorie expenditure as function of age-gender and lesson length-content interaction in physical education (pp. S368) Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
Zhu, X., Chen, A., Sun, H. and Ennis, C. D. (2010). Content specificity and expectancy-value contribution to student learning (pp. A79-80) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Zhu, X. and Palla-Kane, A. (2010). Examining student teacher’s reflection practice during practicum (pp. A79) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Zhu, X., Chen, A., Sun, H. and Ennis, C. (2009). Examining expectancy-value motivation, skill performance, and after-school physical activity participation (pp. A86-87) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Zhu, X., Chen, A., Sun, H. and Ennis, C. (2009). Measurement invariance of expectancy-value questionnaire in physical education (pp. A25) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.
Sun, H., Chen, A., Zhu, X. and Ennis, C. (2009). Students’ motivation and learning in physical education and outside activity (pp. A77-78) Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.

Presentations

Haegele, J. A. and Zhu, X. ( 2017). Improving fitness knowledge with Five for Life: High school effectiveness Paper The annual meeting of Society of Health and Physical Educators, America Boston, MA.
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. ( 2017). Promoting adolescent health-related fitness knowledge using Five for Life curriculum. Poster The annual meeting of Society of Health and Physical Educators, America Boston, MA.
Zhu, X. (September , 2016). A mathematical and theoretical approximation of physical activity in physical education Paper The International Convention on Science, Education, and Medicine in Sport Santos, Brazil.
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (September , 2016). Physical educators’ self-efficacy for exercise and habitual physical activity Paper The International Convention on Science, Education, and Medicine in Sport Santos, Brazil.
Zhu, X. and Haegele, J. A. (June , 2016). Improving adolescent self-efficacy, calibration, and health- related fitness knowledge through physical education Oral Presentation the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Montreal, Canada..
Knott, S. E., Ridinger, L. L., Zhu, X. and Eckhoff, A. (March , 2016). Correlation of college student- athlete identity with academic performance. Poster College Athletes' Rights & Empowerment Conference Philadelphia, PA.
Drago, L. and Zhu, X. (March , 2015). Adolescent interest and physical activity fluctuation in technology-integrated physical education Paper The annual meeting of Society of Health and Physical Educators, America Seattle, WA.
Zhu, X. and Chen, S. (March , 2015). Adolescents’ cognitive processes and physical engagement in physical education Oral Presentation The annual meeting of Society of Health and Physical Educators, America Seattle, WA.
Chen, S. and Zhu, X. (March , 2015). Harnessing the energy balance: Exploring ways to enhance students' knowledge Poster The annual meeting of Society of Health and Physical Educators, America Seattle, WA.
Zhu, X. (March , 2015). Program effects on adolescent’ knowledge and interest in health-related fitness. Paper The annual meeting of Society of Health and Physical Educators, America Seattle, WA.
Zhu, X., Stewart, K. and Leonetti, M. ( 2014). Calibration accuracy and self-efficacy in health-related fitness and fitness knowledge Paper The annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance St. Louis, MO.
Chen, S., Zhu, X. and Fleming, N. (April , 2014). Curriculum effects on adolescents' knowledge, physical activity, and situational interes Paper The annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance St. Louis, MO..
Leonetti, M. and Zhu, X. (April , 2014). Enhancing knowledge and values in physical education through concept-based lessons Paper The annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance St. Louis, MO.
Zhu, X., Chen, S. and Leonetti, M. (April , 2014). The association between health-related fitness and after-school physical activity participation Paper The annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance St. Louis, MO.
Zhu, X. ( 2013). Student conception of grade in physical education Paper The annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Charlotte, NC.
Zhu, X., Chen, S. and Parrott, J. (April , 2013). Sex differences in student interest and performances in fitness testing Paper The annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Charlotte, NC.
Zhu, X. (March , 2012). Exploring student conception and expectation of achievement in physical education Oral Presentation the annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Boston, MA.
Zhu, X., Shao, J. and Wang, M. (March , 2012). Weight and BMI changes in Chinese college students Poster the annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Boston, MA.
Smither, K., Zhu, X. and Knott, S. E. ( 2011). High school students’ experiences in a Sport Education unit National Conference San Diego, CA.
Zhu, X., Smither- Makovec, K. and Knott, S. E. ( 2011). Teaching an open-ended curriculum: A tale of two teachers National Conference San Diego, CA.
Zhu, X. (June , 2011). Pedagogical engineering through interest and physical activity: Examining running tasks AIESEP International Conference Limerick, Ireland.
Zhu, X. (April , 2011). Effect of task cognitive demand on situational interest and performance: A mixed method study AERA Annual Conference New Orleans, LA.
Smither- Makovec, K., Zhu, X. and Knott, S. E. (March , 2011). High School Students' Experiences in a Sport Education Unit American Alliance fo Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance San Diego, CA.
Chen, S., Chen, A., Sun, H. and Zhu, X. (March , 2011). Learners’ motivation change in concept-based physical education American Alliance fo Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance San Diego, CA.
Zhu, X., Smither- Makovec, K. and Knott, S. E. (March , 2011). Teaching an Open-Ended Curriculum: A Tale of two Teachers American Alliance fo Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance San Diego, CA.
Chen, A., Sun, H. and Zhu, X. (June , 2010). Calorie Expenditure as Function of Age-gender and Lesson Length-content Interaction in Physical Education The 57th ACSM annual meeting Baltimore, MD.
Zhu, X. and Chen, A. (April 30, 2010). What Demotivates Students in Physical Education? A Cost Perspective 2010 Annual meeting of American Educational Research Association Denver, CO.
Zhu, X., Chen, A., Sun, H. and Ennis, C. D. (March , 2010). Content Specificity and Expectancy-value Contribution to Student Learning 2010 Annual meeting of AAHPERD Indianapolis, IN.
Zhu, X. and Palla-Kane, A. (March , 2010). Examining student teacher’s reflection practice during practicum 2010 annual meeting of American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Indianapolis, IN.
  • 2012: Research Consortium Fellow of AAHPERD, American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance
  • 2011: AIESEP Young Scholar Award, Association Internationale des Ecoles Superieures d’Education Physique