Assistant Professor
Department of Human Movement Sciences

Christopher Zajchowski

2015 Student Recreation Ctr
Norfolk, 23529

Dr. Chris Zajchowski is an Assistant Professor of Park, Recreation, and Tourism Studies. He conducts funded research focused on human behavior in outdoor recreation and urban-proximate natural resource contexts. Chris' scholarship and pedagogy center on his enduring belief that education for a more just and sustainable future includes a focus on non-traditional settings of learning, such as parks and protected areas, where transformative experiences can catalyze cognitive, affective, and behavioral change in individuals and groups. Chris has conducted funded field research in U.S. National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Bureau of Land Management units, as well as with Virginia State Parks and numerous local, regional, and national advocacy organizations. Chris earned his Ph.D. from the University of Utah (2018) with a focus on air quality and visitor behavior in parks and protected areas. He earned M.S. in Experiential Education (2011) from Minnesota State University, Mankato, and a B.A. in International Literature and Environmental Studies (2007) from Colby College. He currently serves on the Board of Directors for the Society of Outdoor Recreation Professionals and as an Associate Editor for Leisure Sciences.

Ph.D. in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism, University of Utah, (2018)

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Zajchowski, C. A. "Critical Conversations in Education: Moving Toward Just and Inclusive Learning" $30000. Old Dominion University. , 2021 - ,
Brownlee, M. T.J.. " Research to Inform Visitor Use Management at Greenbelt Park" $80000. Federal. , 2021 - ,
Sharp, R. "Research to Inform Visitor Use Management at Harpers Ferry National Historic Park" $80000. Federal. , 2021 - ,
Fefer, J. P. "Research to Inform Visitor Use Management at Manassas National Battlefield Park" $89999. Federal. , 2021 - ,
Sharp, R. L. "Resources to inform Climbing Management Plans at Carderock Recreation Area and Great Falls Park " $200000. Federal. , 2021 - ,
Mosher, M. "Visitor Use of Monocacy National Battlefield" $2000. Old Dominion University. , 2021 - ,
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. "Research to Inform Visitor Use Management at Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts" $80000. Federal. , 2021 - ,
Cerda, A. "Outdoor Recreation During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Perspectives of Parents of Children with Disabilities" $3000. Old Dominion University. , 2020 - ,
Fefer, J. P. "Research to Inform Visitor Use Management at Potomac River Heritage National Scenic Trail" $144997. Federal. , 2020 - ,
Zajchowski, C. "Scoping Research for Climbing Management at Harpers Ferry National Historic Park" $17045. Federal. , 2020 - ,
Tolbert, G. "Effect of Magnesia Alba on Lung Function in University Indoor Climbing Rock Wall Staff" $2000. Old Dominion University. , 2019 - , 2020
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. "Research to Inform Visitor Use Management and Planning at National Capital Region Park Units" $225000. Federal. , 2019 - ,
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. "Research to Inform Visitor Use Management and Planning at Prince William Forest Park" $75000. Federal. , 2019 - ,
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. "Air Quality and Visitor Behavior in Parks and Protected Areas" $18000. Higher Education. , 2017 - , 2018
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. "Valley Flight: Normative Standards for Backcountry Recreation during Air Pollution Events" $2276. Higher Education. , 2015 - , 2016

Expertise

Outdoor Recreation and Education
Human Dimensions of Natural Resources
Air Quality
Parks and Protected Areas
Social-ecological Systems
Behavioral Economics

Articles

Vogt, A. L. (2022). A ramp that leads to nowhere: Outdoor recreation experiences of children with physical disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Leisure Studies.
Harrison, D. (2022). Contemporary issues, opportunities, and resource needs of the U.S. outdoor recreation profession. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Education 39 (100560).
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2022). Looking for leisure in all the wrong places: What the Ju/’hoansi can teach us about leisure. Leisure Sciences.
Scruggs, C. J. (2022). Politics, parks, and pandemic: A research note. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration.
Mitchell, L. E. (2022). The history of air quality in Utah: A narrative review. Sustainability 14 ( 9653).
Zajchowski, C. (2021). "The Freedom to Make Mistakes": Youth, Nature, and the Anthropocene. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education 24 , pp. 87-103.
McCann, J. E. (2021). Air pollution and outdoor recreation on urban trails: A case study of the Elizabeth River Trail, Norfolk. Atmosphere 12.
Kane, B. (2021). Is it safer at the beach?: Spatial and temporal analyses of beachgoer behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Ocean & Coastal Management 205 , pp. 105533.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2021). Participant-driven videography in park and protected area research: A research note. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 39 (1) , pp. 131-142.
Roberts, M. (2021). Self-reported and observed behaviors during black bear viewing at Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge. Journal of Nature Conservation 60 , pp. 125973.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2021). The role of temperature and air quality in outdoor recreation behavior: A Social-Ecological Systems approach.. Geographical Review.
Zajchowski, C. A. (2020). A test of the effect of place attachment on the crowding norms of hikers. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership 12 (3) , pp. 349–356.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2020). Canaries at the climbing wall: A comparative study of particulate matter at two university climbing walls. Recreational Sports Journal.
Peterson, B. A.. (2020). Grid analysis of visitor travel patterns in a dispersed outdoor recreation setting. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration.
Schwab, K. (2020). Learning, fast and slow. Schole.
Zajchowski, C. A. (2020). Rapid resource change and visitor-use management: Social–ecological connections at the Bonneville Salt Flats.. Environmental Management 66 , pp. 263–277.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2020). Sensitive leisure: Writing the lived experience of air pollution. Leisure Sciences 42 (1) , pp. 1-14.
Zajchowski, C. A. (2020). Situating and sequencing quagmire: The role of simulation-based gaming in preparing students for future learning at Capitol Reef National Park, Utah. Schole.
Edwards, E. (2020). Smartphone impacts on outdoor orientation program goal attainment. Journal of Experiential Education.
Zajchowski, C. A. (2019). "Can you take me higher?": Normative thresholds for air quality in the Salt Lake City Metropolitan area. Journal of Leisure Research 50 (2) , pp. 157-180.
Zajchowski, C. A.. (2019). "Now is not the time to take a breather": United States federal land management agency professionals' perceptions at the 40th anniversary of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977. Society & Natural Resources 32 (9) , pp. 1003-1020.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2019). Air quality and the visitor experience in parks and protected areas. Tourism Geographies 21 (4) , pp. 613-634.
Dustin, D. L. (2019). Libertarian paternalism and the park, recreation, and tourism profession. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 37 (1) , pp. 95-104.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2019). Second class wilderness: Separate but unequal air resources in American wilderness. International Journal of Wilderness 25 (3) , pp. 24-35.
Dustin, D. L. (2019). The biochemistry behind human behavior: Implications for leisure sciences and services. Leisure Sciences 41 (6) , pp. 542-549.
Hendricks, W. W. (2019). The Future of Parks and Recreation: One Health. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 37 (1) , pp. 141-145.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2018). Combing environmental values with perceptions of infrastructure development – The Management Options Matrix. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 23 , pp. 44-50.
Dustin, D. L.. (2018). Greening health: The role of parks, recreation, and tourism in health promotion. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 36 (1) , pp. 116-125.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2018). To err is human: Pondering the undoing of human-induced climate change. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 36 (2) , pp. 1-12.
Verbos, R. I.. (2018). “I’d like to be just a bit closer”: Wildlife viewing proximity preferences at Denali National Park & Preserve. Journal of Ecotourism 17 (4) , pp. 409-424.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2017). The experiencing self and the remembering self: Implications for Leisure Science. Leisure Sciences 39 (6) , pp. 561-568.
Krafte, K. (2017). Unbounding parks and protected areas to overcome management challenges for the next 100 years. The George Wright Forum 34 (1) , pp. 23-36.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2016). Decreasing degrees of freedom: Ethical recreation in a changing climate. River Management Society Journal 29 (2) , pp. 10-11.
Sgalitzer, H. (2016). Modeling travelers’ philanthropy: Tourists’ motivations to donate at Sweetwater Chimpanzee Sanctuary.. Journal of Ecotourism 15 (1) , pp. 1-20.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (2016). The dialectical utility of heuristic processing in outdoor adventure education.. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership 8 (2) , pp. 119-135.

Book Chapters

Zajchowski, C. A. (2020). Breathing in Utah's parks and protected areas: Air quality and the visitor experience Utah's air quality issues: Problems and solutions (pp. 17-37) Salt Lake City, UT: The University of Utah Press.

Presentations

Hendrick, M. ( 2020). Modeling perceptions of the variability of ecosystem services in the Dolores River Watershed Oral Presentation International Association of Society and Natural Resources Conference COVID-19, Virtual.
McCann, J. E. ( 2020). The effects of air pollution on outdoor physical activity: A systematic review. Oral Presentation International Association of Society and Natural Resources Conference COVID-19, Virtual.
Roberts, M. ( 2020). “Why don’t they do what they say?”: Self-reported and actual behaviors during black bear viewing at Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge Oral Presentation International Association of Society and Natural Resources Conference COVID-19, Virtual.
Zajchowski, C. A. ( 2020). Participant-driven videography in park and protected area research Oral Presentation National Outdoor Recreation Conference COVID-19, Virtual.
McCann, J. ( 2020). Assessing the impact of air quality on urban trails: A case study in Norfolk, Virginia Poster Southeast Environment and Recreation Research Conference COVID-19, Virtual.
South, F. ( 2020). Canaries at the climbing wall: A replicable model for citizen science particulate matter monitoring at climbing walls. Poster Southeast Environment and Recreation Research Conference COVID-19: Virtual.
Roberts, M. ( 2020). Self-reported vs. actual proximity between visitors and black bears at Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge. Oral Presentation Southeast Environment and Recreation Research Conference COVID-19: Virtual.
Kane, B. ( 2020). Research to inform urban trail planning and management: A case study from the Elizabeth River Trail, Norfolk Oral Presentation Virginia Recreation and Park Society Annual Conference COVID-19, Virtual.
Hill, E. ( 2019). Assessing high-impact practices: The role of triple loop learning in fostering future conservation leaders Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education Conference Spokane, Washington.
Crofford, E. ( 2019). Promoting resiliency and flourishing through collegiate outdoor orientation programming. Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education Conference Spokane, Washington.
Berry, C. ( 2019). Using Means-end of Recreation Scale (MERS) in outdoor recreation settings: Factorial and structural tenability. Oral Presentation Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education Conference Spokane, Washington.
Smith, J. ( 2019). The effects of climate change on outdoor recreation in the United States Oral Presentation Society for Outdoor Recreation Professionals Webinar .
Zajchowski, C. (April , 2019). The influence of priming on outdoor recreation research. Oral Presentation National Environment and Recreation Research Symposium Annapolis, MD.
Crofford, E. (April , 2019). The influence of temporal and weather dimensions on outdoor recreation. Oral Presentation National Environment and Recreation Research Symposium Annapolis, MD.
Baker, K. (March , 2019). The role of place attachment in trail users’ normative evaluations of crowding in the wildland-urban interface. Oral Presentation Southeastern Recreation Research Conference Athens, GA.
South, F. (March , 2019). Using trail cameras to understand weather dependent outdoor recreation. Oral Presentation Southeastern Recreation Research Conference Athens, GA.
Rose, J. (February , 2019). Indicators and thresholds for outdoor recreation crowding in the urban-wildland interface. Poster Red Butte Creek Research Summit Salt Lake City, Utah.
Riley, M. (October , 2018). Situating quagmire: Simulation-based gaming as preparation for field-based study. Oral Presentation Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education National Conference Salt Lake City, Utah.
Zajchowski, C. A. B.. (October , 2018). Social norms for mountain bikes and mountain dogs in the wildland-urban interface. Oral Presentation Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education National Conference Salt Lake City, Utah.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (June , 2018). Air quality and visitor behavior in parks and protected areas: A scoping review. Oral Presentation International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Salt Lake City, Utah.
Zajchowski, C. (June , 2018). Situating quagmire: Exploring the effectiveness of simulation-based gaming in preparation for field-based learning. Poster International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Salt Lake City, Utah.
Tysor, D. (June , 2018). The influence of air quality on visitor behavior: U.S. federal land management professionals’ perceptions. Oral Presentation International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Salt Lake City, Utah.
Lackey, Q. (June , 2018). U.S. Park and Protected Area Professionals’ Perceptions of Air Quality Policy at the 40th Anniversary of the 1977 Clean Air Act Amendments. Oral Presentation International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Salt Lake City, Utah.
Blacketer, M. (June , 2018). Where is the salt going? Perceptions of biophysical change at the Bonneville Salt Flats. Oral Presentation International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Salt Lake City, Utah.
Blacketer, M. (March , 2018). Biophysical change at the Bonneville Salt Flats: Racers’ and non-racers’ perceptions. Oral Presentation Southeastern Recreation Research Conference Athens, GA.
Zajchowski, C. (March , 2017). Daily life methods for social science research in parks and protected areas. Poster George Wright Symposium Norfolk, VA.
Thompson, J. (March , 2017). GWS student summit reflections: Challenges and opportunities facing protected areas over the next century. Oral Presentation George Wright Symposium Norfolk, VA.
Jones, C. (March , 2017). The Wasatch Front Urban Ranger Program. Poster George Wright Symposium Norfolk, VA.
Zajchowski, C. (November , 2016). “The heaviness of the air you breathe”: Writing the lived experience of air pollution. Oral Presentation Association for Experiential Education International Conference Minneapolis, MN.
Blacketer, M. (June , 2016). Cognitive dissonance and outdoor recreation during air pollution events. Oral Presentation International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Houghton, MI.
Zajchowski, C. A. B.. (June , 2016). Skiers and smog: Backcountry skiers’ normative evaluations of air quality in the wildland-urban interface. Oral Presentation International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Houghton, MI.
Zajchowski, C. (May , 2016). A (tenuous) mountain refuge: Backcountry skiers and poor air quality. Oral Presentation National Outdoor Recreation Conference and River Management Symposium Boise, ID.
Zajchowski, C. (May , 2016). Normative standards for alpine recreation during air pollution episodes. Poster National Outdoor Recreation Conference and River Management Symposium Boise, ID.
Zajchowski, C. A. B.. (June , 2015). Mutually-informing typologies: An analysis of backcountry skiers’ management perceptions. Poster International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Charleston, SC.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (June , 2015). Wildlife viewing proximity preferences and management at Denali National Park and Preserve. Oral Presentation International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Charleston, SC.
Zajchowski, C. A. B.. (April , 2015). Heuristics in the wild: The role of ecological rationality in heuristic efficacy for outdoor pursuits. Poster National Outdoor Recreation Conference Annapolis, MD.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (April , 2015). The relationship between backcountry skiers’ environmental values and perceptions about development. Oral Presentation National Outdoor Recreation Conference Annapolis, MD.
Zajchowski, C. A.B.. (November , 2013). Before Dewey and Hahn: Ignatius de Loyola. Lecture Association for Experiential Education International Conference Denver, CO.
Zajchowski, C. (April , 2011). The dual-nature of heuristic processing: Cognitive shortcuts and avalanche education. Oral Presentation Graduate Research Symposum Mankato, MN.
  • 2021: College of Education and Professional Studies New Investigator Award, Old Dominion University
  • 2020: Provost's Outstanding Undergraduate Research Mentor, Old Dominion University
  • 2018: Outstanding Graduate Student of the Academic Year, College of Health, University of Utah
  • 2018: Outstanding Ph.D. Student of the Academic Year, Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Program, University of Utah
  • 2017: Graduate Research Fellowship, Graduate School, University of Utah
  • 2015: Rebecca Barry Endowed Scholarship, Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Program, University of Utah
  • 2014: Graduate Fellowship, Global Change and Sustainability Center, University of Utah