About this Program

The Ph.D. in Workforce and Organizational Development concentration -- formerly Occupational & Technical Studies -- has three emphases: technology education, career and technical education, and human resources - training. The Ph.D. is delivered on campus and through the University’s distance learning system. All students must be on the Norfolk campus for two, two-week summer Institute sessions. The focus of the degree is to prepare university faculty, directors/supervisors of career and technical education, and directors of training departments in business, industry, and government.

Program Highlights

  • Doctoral graduates model exemplary skills and behaviors for today's complex education and business environments.

  • Every individual who completes this doctoral program, regardless of his/her concentration, will develop competencies for using research and applying statistics to make data-based decisions.

  • Doctoral graduates use research, theory, and practice to create knowledge that is used in today’s complex educational, business, and industry environments and emerge as leaders in their chosen fields.

  • Program is offered both full-time & part-time.


Check out these ideas from ODU Career Development Services and the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). A median salary is a midpoint of what people typically earn—half of those surveyed earned above the median salary, and half earned below.

Education Administrators, Postsecondary

$107,670 Median Salary

Plan, direct, or coordinate research, instructional, student administration and services, and other educational activities at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and community colleges.

Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School

$61,010 Median Salary

Teach occupational, career and technical, or vocational subjects at the secondary school level in public or private schools.

Training and Development Managers

$125,920 Median Salary

Plan, direct, or coordinate the training and development activities and staff of an organization.

Administrative Services Managers

$103,380 Median Salary

Plan, direct, or coordinate one or more administrative services of an organization, such as records and information management, mail distribution, facilities planning and maintenance, custodial operations, and other office support services.

Alumni Careers

Community Colleges
School Divisions


What are the requirements to apply for Workforce & Organizational Development at ODU?
Students entering the Doctor of Philosophy program in Workforce & Organizational Development should meet the minimum university admission requirements Graduate Admission.
  • Graduate grade point average.

  • Undergraduate grade point average.

  • Essay, 1500 word; and goodness of fit with program goals, faculty expertise, and supporting references.

  • Graduate assistantships and fellowships may be available. Contact the graduate program director for information.


Estimated rates for the 2023-24 academic year. Rates are subject to change. Anyone that is not a current Virginia resident will be charged non-resident rates. That includes international students.

Virginia Resident
Cost Per-Credit $599
Technology Delivered Courses Outside Virginia and/or the United States
Cost Per-Credit $623
Cost Per-Credit $1,439

Ways to Save

Here are a few ways for you to save on the cost of attending ODU. For more information visit University Student Financial aid



NORFOLK, 23529